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2021-05-15

Why are nucleic acids important to the body?

Why are nucleic acids important to the body?

Nucleic acid is an important class of macromolecules found in all cells and viruses. The functions of nucleic acids have to do with the storage and expression of genetic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) encodes the information the cell needs to make proteins.

Why is the sequence of nucleotides important to the properties of a nucleic acid?

The nucleotides are of great importance to living organisms, as they are the building blocks of nucleic acids, the substances that control all hereditary characteristics. A brief treatment of nucleotides follows. The nucleotide adenosine triphosphate (ATP) supplies the driving force of many metabolic processes.

How does the structure of nucleic acids relate to its function?

Nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), carry genetic information which is read in cells to make the RNA and proteins by which living things function. The well-known structure of the DNA double helix allows this information to be copied and passed on to the next generation.

What are three examples of nucleic acids?

Examples of Nucleic Acids

  • deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
  • ribonucleic acid (RNA)
  • messenger RNA (mRNA)
  • transfer RNA (tRNA)
  • ribosomal RNA (rRNA)

What are common nucleic acids examples?

Two examples of nucleic acids include deoxyribonucleic acid (better known as DNA) and ribonucleic acid (better known as RNA). These molecules are composed of long strands of nucleotides held together by covalent bonds. Nucleic acids can be found within the nucleus and cytoplasm of our cells

How do you test for nucleic acids in food?

The (Dische) Diphenylamine Test is used for determining the presence of nucleic acids. The presence of DNA will turn a clear solution blue. The more DNA present the darker the color. Another nucleic acid, RNA, will turn green.

Which sugar is most important for making RNA?

ribose sugar

What are three consecutive mRNA nucleotides called?

codon

How is mRNA destroyed?

Histone mRNA degradation begins when a string of uridine molecules are added to the tail end of the molecule — a process known as oligouridylation. This signals a complex of proteins known as the exosome to begin degrading the mRNA. These processes are repeated until the mRNA is completely broken down

What are the three basic stages of transcription?

Transcription takes place in three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. The steps are illustrated in Figure 2.

Which genetic code is present on mRNA that is leaving the nucleus?

Answer. Explanation: The genetic code UAG is repeated 3times to stop the product of polymerase. Hope this will help u.

What message does a gene provide how is the language of the gene expressed?

Gene expression is the process by which the instructions in our DNA are converted into a functional product, such as a protein. When the information stored in our DNA? is converted into instructions for making proteins? or other molecules, it is called gene expression?

What is gene expression for dummies?

Gene expression is the process by which the information encoded in a gene is used to direct the assembly of a protein molecule. The cell reads the sequence of the gene in groups of three bases.