Which molecule could he make that consists of long chains of red and black colored balls carbohydrates lipids nucleic acids proteins?
Hence, Sebastian could make a LIPID macromolecule, which consists of long chains of red (hydrogen) and black (carbon) balls since lipids are mostly made up of carbon and hydrogen elements in their structure.
What are the 4 macromolecules and what are they made of?
There are four classes of macromolecules (polysaccharides or carbohydrates, triglycerides or lipids, polypeptides or proteins, and nucleic acids such as DNA & RNA). Carbohydrates and lipids are made of only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (CHO). Proteins are made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (CHON).
What are the 4 primary elements used to make macromolecules?
The four main classes of organic compounds (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids) that are essential to the proper functioning of all living things are known as polymers or macromolecules. All of these compounds are built primarily of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen but in different ratios.
What are 4 examples of macromolecules?
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids are the four major classes of biological macromolecules—large molecules necessary for life that are built from smaller organic molecules.
Does all food have DNA in it?
All living things have DNA, food is “life in transit”, so yes, most food has DNA. Any food prepared from living things will contain the DNA from them. DNA is tough substance that can survive most of the processes we use to make and cook food.
Why add salt to extract DNA What is its purpose?
By adding salt, we help neutralize the DNA charge and make the molecule less hydrophilic, meaning it becomes less soluble in water. The salt also helps to remove proteins that are bound to the DNA and to keep the proteins dissolved in the water. The dish soap pulls apart the membranes, releasing the DNA.
Does human DNA look the same as strawberry DNA?
Yes, the DNA from both cell types will look just the same. The structure of DNA is consistent among all living things. DNA extraction is also necessary in order to sequence the DNA code (order of base pairs) of different organisms (as in the Human Genome Project) and compare different species.
What animal has the closest DNA to a human?