Which best describes the function of the part labeled B?
The correct answer is (D) codes for a specific trait. The part labelled b is gene. The function of gene is to code for a specific trait. Every individual on this earth is different from one another. The characters that makes one individual identical is the genes present in them.
Which best describes a gene?
A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. However, many genes do not code for proteins.
What best describes a centromere?
Which best describes a centromere? the part of a chromosome that joins the sister chromatids.
What is the definition of a centromere?
Centromere, structure in a chromosome that holds together the two chromatids (the daughter strands of a replicated chromosome). The centromere is the point of attachment of the kinetochore, a structure to which the microtubules of the mitotic spindle become anchored.
What is the other name of centromere?
Find another word for centromere. In this page you can discover 11 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for centromere, like: kinetochore, meiosis mitosis, centrosome, nucleolus, centromeric, heterochromatin, CENP-C, c-terminus, n-terminus, INCENP and plastid.
What is a centromere and what is its function?
The primary function of the centromere is to provide the foundation for assembly of the kinetochore, which is a protein complex essential to proper chromosomal segregation during mitosis. In electron micrographs of mitotic chromosomes, kinetochores appear as platelike structures composed of several layers (Figure 4).
What is the meaning of histones?
Histones are a family of basic proteins that associate with DNA in the nucleus and help condense it into chromatin. Nuclear DNA does not appear in free linear strands; it is highly condensed and wrapped around histones in order to fit inside of the nucleus and take part in the formation of chromosomes.
Where are histones found?
Who gave the name chromosome?
Wilhelm von Waldeyer-Hartz