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2021-05-16

Where are cytokinins produced?

Where are cytokinins produced?

Cytokinins are synthesized in the roots and are usually derived from adenine. They move upward in the xylem (woody tissue) and pass into the leaves and fruits, where they are required for normal growth and cell differentiation.

Which part of the plant will have high cytokinin activity?

Where are cytokinins produced in plants? Cytokinins are more abundant in developing tissues and organs, such as root tip, shoot apex, cambium, and immature organs, and initially it was thought that cytokinins are synthesized in these limited tissues and organs.

How is cytokinins transported in a plant?

Hence, cytokinin is transported to root tips via the phloem rather than employing a specialized polar transport system like auxin (reviewed in [11]). Phloem-derived cytokinins are likely to form a gradient across vascular tissues.

How are hormones transported throughout a plant?

Long distance transport has been demonstrated for many plant hormones, including auxins, abscisic acid (ABA), cytokinins, gibberellins (GAs), strigolactones, and salicylic acid. Hormones transported with the transpiration stream have to be loaded into the xylem and unloaded at the target cells.

What is the main function of cytokinins?

Cytokinins were originally defined as chemicals that induce cell proliferation and trigger callus differentiation to shoot when applied with auxins, but now it is known that cytokinins play a key role in many aspects of plant growth and development [3], including embryogenesis, maintenance of root and shoot meristems.

What is the main function of auxin?

Auxins promote stem elongation, inhibit growth of lateral buds (maintains apical dominance). They are produced in the stem, buds, and root tips. Example: Indole Acetic Acid (IA). Auxin is a plant hormone produced in the stem tip that promotes cell elongation.

What is the difference between auxins and cytokinins?

Auxin stimulates root branching. > Cytokinin inhibits root branching and lateral root formation….Write the main difference between auxins and cytokinins.

Auxins Cytokinins
In the shoot apex and leaf primordial, the auxins are produced. In fruits and roots, in the embryo of seeds and endosperm cytokinins are found.

What are the five plant hormones?

Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are organic substances that regulate plant growth and development. Plants produce a wide variety of hormones, including auxins, gibberellins (GA), abscisic acid (ABA), cytokinins (CK), salicylic acid (SA), ethylene (ET), jasmonates (JA), brassinosteroids (BR), and peptides.

How do farmers use Auxins?

Farmers, gardeners and fruit growers can all use plant hormones. They mostly use a human-made auxin called synthetic auxin. Synthetic auxin is sprayed on crops to kill weeds. The hormone makes weeds grow too fast and they die.

Why does auxin kill weeds?

The selective weedkiller contains a growth hormone that causes the weeds to grow too quickly and die. Because most weeds have broader leaves than grass or wheat, the weedkiller is absorbed in larger quantities by the weeds.

Where is gibberellin produced?

Gibberellin, any of a group of plant hormones that occur in seeds, young leaves, and roots. The name is derived from Gibberella fujikuroi, a hormone-producing fungus in the phylum Ascomycota that causes excessive growth and poor yield in rice plants.

Who Invented gibberellin?

E. Kurosawa

Why is gibberellin important?

Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones that are essential for many developmental processes in plants, including seed germination, stem elongation, leaf expansion, trichome development, pollen maturation and the induction of flowering (Achard and Genschik, 2009).

Which is the first natural cytokinin?

The first cytokinin discovered was an adenine (aminopurine) derivative named ‘kinetin’ (6-furfuryl aminopurine), which was isolated as a DNA degradation product. The first common natural cytokinin identified was purified from immature maize kernels and named ‘zeatin’.

What is role of gibberellin in rosette plants?

The gibberellins are plant growth hormones which enhance the longitudinal growth of stem when applied to the intact plant. Gibberellins produce extraordinary elongation of stems and leaf sheaths in intact plants. The elongation of the stem is caused due to cell division and cell elongation induced by gibberellic acid

How many plant hormones are there?

There are five general classes of hormones: auxins, cytokinins, gibberellins, ethylene, and abscisic acid.