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2021-05-17

What unit of time on Earth is based on the rotation of the Earth about its axis?

What unit of time on Earth is based on the rotation of the Earth about its axis?

Sidereal time An astronomical time scale that is based on the Earth’s rate of rotation measured relative to the fixed stars. Thus a sidereal day is the time interval during which the Earth completes one rotation on its axis and some chosen star appears to transit twice consecutively on the observer’s local meridian.

What is the period of rotation for Earth?

23.93 hours

How is the Earth’s rotation measured?

Today, Earth’s rotation can be directly measured by means of an array of radio telescopes, or by using lasers to measure the movements of atoms falling in Earth’s gravity.

Who discovered the Earth’s rotation?

Nicolaus Copernicus

What is the nickname of Venus?

the Morning Star

What causes the Earth’s rotation?

When our solar system formed out of a gas cloud, called a nebula, there was lots of dust and gas coming together due to the force of gravity. The dust and gas was already moving around in a circle. As it all clumped together to form the Sun and planets, these new objects started to spin – and then spin faster.

What are two important facts about Earth’s rotation?

The earth rotates once per day (24 hours). The rotation defines an axis of rotation, the North Pole, the South Pole, and the equator. [Actually the earth rotates slightly more than once per solar day, because the earth moves a little bit in its orbit around the sun each day.

Does everyone on Earth see the same side of the moon?

A: No, everyone sees the same phases of the Moon. (People north and south of the equator do see the Moon’s current phase from different angles, though. If you traveled to the other hemisphere, the Moon would be in the same phase as it is at home, but it would appear upside down compared to what you’re used to!)

Where does the flag point as the moon?

How do you know? Yes, we always see the same side of the Moon. The Moon flag always points toward Earth.

How long does it take for the flag on the moon to rotate once in a full circle?

about 29.5 days

How much of the moon is always lit up or illuminated by the sun?

50%