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2021-05-14

What kind of bond connects sugar and phosphate in DNA?

What kind of bond connects sugar and phosphate in DNA?

ester bonds

What type of bonds connect the bases to each other?

The hydrogen bonding between complementary bases holds the two strands of DNA together. Hydrogen bonds are not chemical bonds.

Where does the phosphate group attached to Deoxyribose?

If you followed the left-hand chain to its very end at the top, you would have a phosphate group attached to the 5′ carbon in the deoxyribose ring. If you followed it all the way to the other end, you would have an -OH group attached to the 3′ carbon.

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What is Deoxyribose always bonded to?

In the standard nucleic acid nomenclature, a DNA nucleotide consists of a deoxyribose molecule with an organic base (usually adenine, thymine, guanine or cytosine) attached to the 1′ ribose carbon.

Why is it called 2 Deoxyribose?

The sugar present in the DNA is 2’deoxyribose, a five carbon monosaccharide, which is devoid of oxygen in its 2′ position, hence the name deoxyribonucleic acid.

Why does DNA have deoxyribose sugar?

Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is a polymer formed of many nucleic acids.

At which carbon is Deoxyribose lacking an oxygen?

carbon 2

Does DNA have deoxyribose sugar?

Both DNA and RNA are built with a sugar backbone, but whereas the sugar in DNA is called deoxyribose (left in image), the sugar in RNA is called simply ribose (right in image).

Is Deoxyribose the base in DNA?

The DNA molecule is a polymer of nucleotides. Each nucleotide is composed of a nitrogenous base, a five-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), and a phosphate group. There are four nitrogenous bases in DNA, two purines (adenine and guanine) and two pyrimidines (cytosine and thymine).

What atoms make up DNA?

DNA, which stands for deoxyribonucleic acid, resembles a long, spiraling ladder. It consists of just a few kinds of atoms: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Combinations of these atoms form the sugar-phosphate backbone of the DNA — the sides of the ladder, in other words.

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What are the six components of DNA?

All about DNA

  • nitrogenous bases—there are four of these: adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), guanine (G)
  • carbon sugar molecules.
  • phosphate molecules.

Is DNA an atom or molecule?

In short, DNA is a complex molecule that consists of many components, a portion of which are passed from parent organisms to their offspring during the process of reproduction. Although each organism’s DNA is unique, all DNA is composed of the same nitrogen-based molecules.

What kind of bonds hold the 2 strands of DNA together?

Hydrogen bonds exist between the two strands and form between a base, from one strand and a base from the second strand in complementary pairing. These hydrogen bonds are individually weak but collectively quite strong.

How does DNA make a copy of itself?

How is DNA replicated? Replication occurs in three major steps: the opening of the double helix and separation of the DNA strands, the priming of the template strand, and the assembly of the new DNA segment. During separation, the two strands of the DNA double helix uncoil at a specific location called the origin.

Is the cell’s DNA copied beforehand during interphase?

Answer 5: Cells duplicate DNA during interphase, usually shortly before entering either mitosis or meiosis (eukaryotic cells) or fission (prokaryotes).

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What actually happens to DNA before or as it is replicated copied?

Question 1 2 pts What actually happens to DNA before or as it is replicated/copied? It must unwind. It must unwind and be copied first Enzymes attach to the DNA and unwind the molecule and nucleotides pair up, A with T and G with C Enzymes attach to the DNA and cut it into pieces that can be replicated.

How does DNA make a copy of itself quizlet?

DNA copies itself before cell division so that each new cell has the full amount of DNA. the enzyme DNA helicase breaks the hydrogen bonds between bases on the two polynucleotide DNA strands. This makes the helix unwind to form two single strands.

During what phase does DNA make a copy of itself?

S phase

What is produced during translation?

The molecule that results from translation is protein — or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. During translation, little protein factories called ribosomes read the messenger RNA sequences.

When DNA makes a copy of itself The process is described as semi conservative because?

As the DNA double helix is unwound by helicase, replication occurs separately on each template strand in antiparallel directions. This process is known as semi-conservative replication because two copies of the original DNA molecule are produced. Each copy contains one original strand and one newly-synthesized strand.