What is the most accurate classification of the common forms of coronary artery disease and hypertension quizlet?
What is the most accurate classification of the common forms of coronary artery disease and hypertension? The most common forms of coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertension (HTN) are considered complex (multifactorial) disorders.
What is the most common genetic cardiac disorder worldwide?
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart rhythm disorder worldwide and may have serious cardiovascular health consequences. AF is associated with increased risk of stroke, dementia, heart failure, and death.
Which problem associated with Tangier disease increases the risk for coronary artery disease?
A buildup of cholesterol can be toxic to cells, leading to impaired cell function or cell death. In addition, the inability to transport cholesterol and phospholipids out of cells results in very low HDL levels, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
What is the heritability estimate for addiction to alcohol in both males and females?
The heritability estimates in most studies suggest that genetic variability accounts for 50 to 60 percent of the variation in risk for alcoholism in males. Studies of female twins, in contrast, are less consistent.
Do genetics play a role in addiction?
While the environment a person grows up in, along with a person’s behavior, influences whether he or she becomes addicted to drugs, genetics plays a key role as well. Scientists estimate that genetic factors account for 40 to 60 percent of a person’s vulnerability to addiction.
How does genetics affect drug response?
Because of their genetic makeup, some people process (metabolize) drugs slowly. As a result, a drug may accumulate in the body, causing toxicity. Other people metabolize drugs so quickly that after they take a usual dose, drug levels in the blood never become high enough for the drug to be effective.
Which component plays a role in learning memory and addiction?
Learning process. But more recent research suggests that the situation is more complicated. Dopamine not only contributes to the experience of pleasure, but also plays a role in learning and memory — two key elements in the transition from liking something to becoming addicted to it.
Is addiction genetic or hereditary?
Yes, there can be a genetic predisposition to substance abuse. In fact, the American Psychological Association (APA) states that “at least half of a person’s susceptibility to drug or alcohol addiction can be linked to genetic factors.”
What is the heritability of alcoholism?
Model-fitting analyses applied to different alcoholism symptoms yielded heritability estimates ranging from 0.03 to 0.53 with broad and overlapping confidence intervals around these estimates, ranging from 0.00 to 0.65.
Can alcohol tolerance be genetic?
Vulnerability to develop addiction depends on genetic, physiological and environmental conditions. Sustained alcohol intake can lead to functional alcohol tolerance, which enables increased alcohol consumption with fewer signs of intoxication.
What ethnicity has the highest alcohol tolerance?
In North America, Native Americans have the highest probability of developing an alcohol use disorder compared to Europeans and Asians. Different alcohol tolerance also exists within Asian groups, such as between Chinese and Koreans.
Why is my alcohol tolerance so high?
Some of difference in alcohol tolerance may also be attributed to a person’ genetics or family history. Some research suggests that people with a family history of alcoholism may have a higher tolerance than normal. Of course, health can also play a large role in how a person experiences the effects of alcohol.
What are the signs of Korsakoff syndrome?
Korsakoff syndrome causes problems learning new information, inability to remember recent events and long-term memory gaps. Memory difficulties may be strikingly severe while other thinking and social skills are relatively unaffected.
How can I get rid of brain fog fast?
Home remedies to improve brain fog include:
- sleeping 8 to 9 hours per night.
- managing stress by knowing your limitations and avoiding excessive alcohol and caffeine.
- strengthening your brain power (try volunteering or solving brain puzzles)
- finding enjoyable activities.