What is the main difference between eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells Why is this difference significant?
The primary distinction between these two types of organisms is that eukaryotic cells have a membrane-bound nucleus and prokaryotic cells do not. The nucleus is where eukaryotes store their genetic information.
Are prokaryotes or eukaryotes more advanced?
There are two main types of living cells: prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Prokaryotic cells are simple and always live as a single-celled organism. Eukaryotes, on the contrary, are more advanced and are found both as unicellular and multicellular organisms. Thus, a nucleus clearly grants the eukaryotes an advantage.
How are eukaryotic cells more complex than prokaryotic cells?
Eukaryotic cells are more complex than prokaryotes, and the DNA is linear and found within a nucleus. Eukaryotic cells boast their own personal “power plants”, called mitochondria. The complex eukaryotic cell ushered in a whole new era for life on Earth, because these cells evolved into multicellular organisms.
Which is bigger prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
Like a prokaryotic cell, a eukaryotic cell has a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and ribosomes, but a eukaryotic cell is typically larger than a prokaryotic cell, has a true nucleus (meaning its DNA is surrounded by a membrane), and has other membrane-bound organelles that allow for compartmentalization of functions.
Do prokaryotic cells cause disease?
Although some types of bacteria do cause disease (as you know if you’ve ever been prescribed antibiotics), many other are harmless, or even beneficial. Bacteria are classified as prokaryotes, along with another group of single-celled organisms, the archaea.
How is DNA similar in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA undergo replication by the enzyme DNA polymerase. The main difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA is that prokaryotic DNA is found in the cytoplasm whereas eukaryotic DNA is packed into the nucleus of the cell.