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2021-05-14

What is the gene form of a trait called?

What is the gene form of a trait called?

Although an individual gene may code for a specific physical trait, that gene can exist in different forms, or alleles. One allele for every gene in an organism is inherited from each of that organism’s parents. Alleles produce phenotypes (or physical versions of a trait) that are either dominant or recessive.

What is the allele combination of an organism?

The combination of alleles that an organism carries constitutes its genotype. If the paired alleles are the same, the organism’s genotype is said to be homozygous for that trait; if they are different, the organism’s genotype is heterozygous.

What is an organism’s genetic makeup or allele combinations called?

genotype. An organism’s genetic makeup, or allele combinations.

What is an organism that has two different alleles for a trait an organism that is heterozygous for a particular trait?

Unit C Science

Question Answer
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait; an organism that is heterozygous for a particular trait Hybrid
The offspring of many generations that have the same traits. Purebred
The passing of traits from parents to offspring. Heredity

What are the traits of an organism called?

The observable traits expressed by an organism are referred to as its phenotype. An organism’s underlying genetic makeup, consisting of both physically visible and non-expressed alleles, is called its genotype.

What is an example of a heterozygous trait?

If the two versions are different, you have a heterozygous genotype for that gene. For example, being heterozygous for hair color could mean you have one allele for red hair and one allele for brown hair. The relationship between the two alleles affects which traits are expressed

What is the phenotype of an individual?

A phenotype is an individual’s observable traits, such as height, eye color, and blood type. The genetic contribution to the phenotype is called the genotype. Some traits are largely determined by the genotype, while other traits are largely determined by environmental factors.

How is a heterozygous trait written?

An organism with two dominant alleles for a trait is said to have a homozygous dominant genotype. Using the eye color example, this genotype is written BB. An organism with one dominant allele and one recessive allele is said to have a heterozygous genotype. In our example, this genotype is written Bb

Is FF heterozygous or homozygous?

Mendelian Genetics

Genotype Phenotype
F F Homozygous dominant No cystic fibrosis (Normal)
F f Heterozygous Carrier (has no symptoms but carries the recessive allele)
f f Homozygous recessive Cystic fibrosis (has symptoms)

What traits are homozygous?

Being homozygous for a particular gene means you inherited two identical versions. It’s the opposite of a heterozygous genotype, where the alleles are different. People who have recessive traits, like blue eyes or red hair, are always homozygous for that gene

Is homozygous purebred?

Purebred – Also called HOMOZYGOUS and consists of gene pairs with genes that are the SAME. Hybrid – Also called HETEROZYGOUS and consists of gene pairs that are DIFFERENT. Genotype is the actual GENE makeup represented by LETTERS.

What is another word for homozygous?

In this page you can discover 11 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for homozygous, like: heterozygous, heterozygote, homozygote, C282Y, homozygosity, wild-type, genotype, MC1R, recessive, diploid and allele.

Does true breeding mean homozygous?

In Mendelian genetics, this means that an organism must be homozygous for every trait for which it is considered true breeding; that is, the pairs of alleles that express a given trait are the same. In a purebred strain or breed, the goal is that the organism will “breed true” for the breed-relevant traits.

Is homozygous dominant?

Homozygous means that the organism has two copies of the same allele for a gene. An organism can be homozygous dominant, if it carries two copies of the same dominant allele, or homozygous recessive, if it carries two copies of the same recessive allele.

Is DD homozygous or heterozygous?

DD is homozygous dominant, Dd is heterozygous and dd is homozygous recessive. They cannot be heterozygous because the dominant allele will be shown so they will have dimples. Define: Phenotype – physical appearance like dimples, brown hair, or A blood.

Can males be homozygous?

Females (XX) have two copies of each gene on the X chromosome, so they can be heterozygous or homozygous for a given allele. However, males (XY) will express all the alleles present on the single X chromosome that they receive from their mother, and concepts such as ‘dominant’ or ‘recessive’ are irrelevant.

What is homozygous condition?

Homozygous describes the genetic condition or the genetic state where an individual has inherited the same DNA sequence for a particular gene from both their biological mother and their biological father. It’s often used in the context of disease. We would then say that individual is homozygous for that mutation.

What is the difference between homologous and homozygous?

Homozygous : Having the same allele at the same locus on both members of a pair of homologous chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes also refers to a genotype consisting of two identical alleles of a gene for a particular trait. A genotype consisting of two different alleles of a gene for a particular trait (Aa).

What is the difference between homologous and heterologous chromosomes?

When chromosomes are homologous, it means that they are the same, at least in terms of the gene sequences and loci. Heterologous, in essence, means “different”. Homologous chromosomes have alleles on the same genes located in the same loci. Heterologous chromosomes have alleles on different genes.

What is a heterologous chromosome?

A heterologous chromosome is a chromosome that contains different set of genes for a given trait. Homozygous means that the organism has two copies of the same allele for a gene

Do humans have homologous chromosomes?

In humans. Humans have a total of 46 chromosomes, but there are only 22 pairs of homologous autosomal chromosomes. The additional 23rd pair is the sex chromosomes, X and Y. So humans have two homologous chromosome sets in each cell, meaning humans are diploid organisms.

How many chromosomes do humans have?

46 chromosomes

What does homologous mean?

having the same relative position

What is a homologous trait?

A homologous trait is any characteristic which is derived by evolution from a common ancestor. This is contrasted to analogous traits: similarities between organisms that were evolved separately. The term existed before 1859, but got its modern meaning after Darwin established the idea of common descent.