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2021-05-14

What is the chemical reactions that occur in organisms?

What is the chemical reactions that occur in organisms?

Chemical reactions that take place inside living things are called biochemical reactions . The sum of all the biochemical reactions in an organism is called metabolism . Metabolism includes both exothermic (energy-releasing) chemical reactions and endothermicno post (energy-absorbing) chemical reactions.

What is a chemical reaction known as?

A chemical reaction is a process in which one or more substances, also called reactants, are converted to one or more different substances, known as products. A chemical reaction rearranges the constituent atoms of the reactants to create different substances as products.

What refers to all the biochemical reactions in an organism?

Biochemical reactions are chemical reactions that take place inside the cells of living things. The sum of all the biochemical reactions in an organism is called metabolism. It includes both exothermic and endothermic reactions.

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What is the chemistry of living organisms called?

Biochemistry. The study of the chemical reactions of living things. Matter.

Is an atom living or non living?

No, atoms are not living things. Whether something is alive depends on its ability to do things like grow, respire and reproduce. These are obviously only things that complicated structures can do, not atoms.

Are atoms only in living things?

However, at the most basic level, your body—and, in fact, all of life, as well as the nonliving world—is made up of atoms, often organized into larger structures called molecules. Atoms and molecules follow the rules of chemistry and physics, even when they’re part of a complex, living, breathing being.

How do atoms behave?

Electrons are attracted to any positive charge by their electric force; in an atom, electric forces bind the electrons to the nucleus. In some respects, the electrons in an atom behave like particles orbiting the nucleus. In others, the electrons behave like waves frozen in position around the nucleus.

What are all living things called?

An organism is an individual living thing. It is easy to recognize a living thing, but not so easy to define it. Animals and plants are organisms, obviously. Organisms are a biotic, or living, part of the environment.

What is a nonliving thing called?

Inanimate describes a non-living thing. Chairs, baseballs, sofa cushions and sadly, snowmen, are all inanimate objects.

What is the smallest living organism that exists?

Mycoplasma genitalium

Is the smallest living thing a cell?

The cell is the smallest structural and functional unit of living organisms, which can exist on its own. Therefore, it is sometimes called the building block of life. Some organisms, such as bacteria or yeast, are unicellular—consisting only of a single cell—while others, for instance, mammalians, are multicellular.

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What is the biggest animal alive today?

Blue whale

What is the smallest thing in the world?

quarks

Is infinitely small possible?

They have a finite length, but an infinitely small width. This solves the problem, since you can never be at the same distance from all of the string. You may have guessed that is what we call String Theory. We can go even further – perhaps we should not be looking for the smallest object, but the smallest distance.

What is inside a neutron?

A neutron contains two down quarks with charge −​1⁄3 e and one up quark with charge +​2⁄3 e. Like protons, the quarks of the neutron are held together by the strong force, mediated by gluons. The nuclear force results from secondary effects of the more fundamental strong force.

Can a neutron star turn into a black hole?

Binary systems containing neutron stars often emit X-rays, which are emitted by hot gas as it falls towards the surface of the neutron star. As the neutron star accretes this gas, its mass can increase; if enough mass is accreted, the neutron star may collapse into a black hole.

Do neutron stars die?

A neutron star does not evolve. It just cools down by emitting radiation. So, left to itself, it would never “die”, just become colder and colder. Eventually, after very long time, you’ll be left with a cold neutron star, that produces no significant radiation, but still remains a neutron star.

What happens if 2 neutron stars collide?

A neutron star merger is a type of stellar collision. When the two neutron stars meet, their merger leads to the formation of either a more massive neutron star, or a black hole (depending on whether the mass of the remnant exceeds the Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff limit).

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Can you touch a neutron star?

So when anything tries to touch neutron star, it would be suck in by gravity and collapse into lump of neutrons and feed their mass into that neutron star. And if it collects enough mass it would collapse into a black hole. Despite pop-science descriptions, neutron stars do not contain only neutrons.

How dangerous is a neutron star?

Neutron stars can be dangerous because of their strong fields. If a neutron star entered our solar system, it could cause chaos, throwing off the orbits of the planets and, if it got close enough, even raising tides that would rip the planet apart. But the closest known neutron star is about 500 light-years away.

What if a neutron star hit a black hole?

One unusual discovery was that, in dense clusters, a black hole and a neutron star could merge without generating any detectable light, although the merger would still generate an extraordinary number of gravitational waves.

What would happen if you stood on a neutron star?

Which means that any object caught in a neutron star’s gravity would be accelerated to a tremendous speed. If you are not ripped apart during your descent (you would be), all of your atoms would most likely be destroyed upon impact. Essentially, you would be turned into a pile of neutrons.

Can a star hit Earth?

Can a rogue star kick Earth out of the solar system? I think we probably agree that the answer is yes, and probably that not only stars but also large planets can effect the same result.