What are your dependent variable and independent variable in your hypothesis?
A hypothesis states a presumed relationship between two variables in a way that can be tested with empirical data. It may take the form of a cause-effect statement, or an “if x,…then y” statement. The cause is called the independent variable; and the effect is called the dependent variable.
What would be your independent and dependent variable?
You can think of independent and dependent variables in terms of cause and effect: an independent variable is the variable you think is the cause, while a dependent variable is the effect. In an experiment, you manipulate the independent variable and measure the outcome in the dependent variable.
What would be your dependent variable?
The dependent variable is the variable that is being measured or tested in an experiment. For example, in a study looking at how tutoring impacts test scores, the dependent variable would be the participants’ test scores, since that is what is being measured.
What are the dependent and independent variables for the plant experiment?
An experiment generally tests how one variable is affected by another. The affected variable is called the dependent variable. In the plant experiment shown above, the dependent variable is plant growth. The variable that affects the dependent variable is called the independent variable.
Is height a dependent or independent variable?
the average height of adults might give you a graph as shown below. The independent variable is average height. The dependent variable is weight. For example, height might be an independent variable in the context stated above but a dependent variable in a study on the effect of nutrition on growth rates.
Can time be an independent variable?
Time is a common independent variable, as it will not be affeced by any dependent environemental inputs. Time can be treated as a controllable constant against which changes in a system can be measured.
What is the independent variable answer?
There are two types of variables-independent and dependent. Answer: An independent variable is exactly what it sounds like. It is a variable that stands alone and isn’t changed by the other variables you are trying to measure. For example, someone’s age might be an independent variable.
How do you know what the independent variable is?
An easy way to think of independent and dependent variables is, when you’re conducting an experiment, the independent variable is what you change, and the dependent variable is what changes because of that. You can also think of the independent variable as the cause and the dependent variable as the effect.
What are the levels of an independent variable?
If an experiment compares an experimental treatment with a control treatment, then the independent variable (type of treatment) has two levels: experimental and control. If an experiment were comparing five types of diets, then the independent variable (type of diet) would have 5 levels.
How do you minimize extraneous variables?
One way to control extraneous variables is with random sampling. Random sampling does not eliminate any extraneous variable, it only ensures it is equal between all groups. If random sampling isn’t used, the effect that an extraneous variable can have on the study results become a lot more of a concern.
What are the 4 types of research design?
There are four main types of Quantitative research: Descriptive, Correlational, Causal-Comparative/Quasi-Experimental, and Experimental Research. attempts to establish cause- effect relationships among the variables. These types of design are very similar to true experiments, but with some key differences.
Which of the following is a way of controlling extraneous variables?
Randomization is the preferred method for controlling extraneous variables. Designs that do not control for extraneous factors by randomization are called true experimental design.
What is the difference between independent dependent and extraneous variables?
The dependent varible is defined as the thing which is being measured in an experiment, whilst the independent variable is the thing that is being manipulated or changed. Extraneous variables are undesirable variables that influence the relationship between the variables that the experimenter is observing.
What type of variable is gender?
Dichotomous variables are nominal variables which have only two categories or levels. For example, if we were looking at gender, we would most probably categorize somebody as either “male” or “female”. This is an example of a dichotomous variable (and also a nominal variable).
What type of variable is age?
An Example: Age A great example of this is a variable like age. Age is, technically, continuous and ratio. A person’s age does, after all, have a meaningful zero point (birth) and is continuous if you measure it precisely enough.
How do you classify a variable?
Classifying variables can be somewhat contentious. Standard statistical textbooks will state that variables can be broadly classified as categorical or continuous. Categorical variables can be further categorised into nominal (e.g. ethnic group), ordinal (e.g. tumour staging) and dichotomous (e.g. sex).
What type of variable is characterized by evenly?
INTERVAL VARIABLES –values that lie along an evenly dispersed range of numbers. It is a variable whose data values are ranged in a real interval and can be as large as from negative infinity to positive infinity.
What is variable in research with example?
Parts of the experiment: Independent vs dependent variables
|Type of variable||Definition||Example (salt tolerance experiment)|
|Control variables||Variables that are held constant throughout the experiment.||The temperature and light in the room the plants are kept in, and the volume of water given to each plant.|
What is variable and its types?
Variables represents the measurable traits that can change over the course of a scientific experiment. In all there are six basic variable types: dependent, independent, intervening, moderator, controlled and extraneous variables.
What type of variable is income?
For example, income is a variable that can be recorded on an ordinal or a ratio scale: At an ordinal level, you could create 5 income groupings and code the incomes that fall within them from 1–5. At a ratio level, you would record exact numbers for income.
What are the 4 types of variables?
Four Types of Variables You can see there are four different types of measurement scales (nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio). Each of the four scales, respectively, typically provides more information about the variables being measured than those preceding it.
What are the 2 types of variables in research?
In many research settings, there are two specific classes of variables that need to be distinguished from one another, independent variable and dependent variable.