What are the two differences that can be found in a DNA and RNA nucleotide?
First of all, the nucleotides of DNA and RNA are different: in DNA, in fact, pentose sugar is deoxyribose, while in RNA it is ribose, which has one more oxygen atom. Moreover, in DNA the nitrogen bases are adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine while in RNA instead of thymine there is the uracil base.
What are the 3 components found in DNA and RNA?
Just like in DNA, RNA is made of monomers called nucleotides. Each nucleotide is made up of three components: a nitrogenous base, a pentose (five-carbon) sugar called ribose, and a phosphate group. Each nitrogenous base in a nucleotide is attached to a sugar molecule, which is attached to one or more phosphate groups.
What acids are DNA and RNA?
The term nucleic acid is the overall name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides, which are the monomers made of three components: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base.
Do any viruses have DNA?
Most viruses have either RNA or DNA as their genetic material. The nucleic acid may be single- or double-stranded. The entire infectious virus particle, called a virion, consists of the nucleic acid and an outer shell of protein. The simplest viruses contain only enough RNA or DNA to encode four proteins.
What type of organisms can be infected by viruses?
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms. Viruses can infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms, including bacteria and archaea.
What is a virus that infects e coli bacteria?
Escherichia virus T4 is a species of bacteriophages that infect Escherichia coli bacteria. Bacteriophage means to “eat bacteria”, and phages are well known for being obligate intracellular parasites that reproduce within the host cell and are released when the host is destroyed by lysis.
Is E coli a complex virus?
Escherichia coli is a complex group of gut bacteria that are found in all warm-blooded animals and are for the most part harmless. A few, however, cause disease in man and animals. The E. coli bacteria that produce a poison called Shiga toxin can produce a range of effects in man.
Can humans get sick from bacteriophages?
When the phage infects a new bacterium, it introduces the original host bacterium’s DNA into the new bacterium. In this way, phages can introduce a gene that is harmful to humans (e.g., an antibiotic resistance gene or a toxin) from one bacterium to another.
What do viruses inject into cells?
During attachment and penetration, the virus attaches itself to a host cell and injects its genetic material into it. During uncoating, replication, and assembly, the viral DNA or RNA incorporates itself into the host cell’s genetic material and induces it to replicate the viral genome.
Where do viruses enter the body?
In humans, viruses that cause disease like cold and flu are spread through bodily fluids, like spit or snot. The virus is so small that it leaves our bodies in these fluids, and can even float through the air in droplets from a sneeze or cough. The virus can enter the body through the eyes, nose, or mouth.
Do viruses thrive in hot or cold?
Viruses are actually protected by cold air. According to the National Institutes of Health, cold temperatures allow the virus’s outer layer, it’s envelope, to harden into a “rubbery gel.” This protects the virus, allowing it to better transmit, or spread. Cold, dry conditions can also increase the spread of germs.
What’s the smallest virus?
The smallest animal viruses belong to the families Parvoviridae and Picornaviridae and measure about 20 nm and about 30 nm in diameter, respectively. Viruses of these two families are icosahedrons and contain nucleic acids with limited genetic information.