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2021-06-17

What are the outputs of cellular respiration?

What are the outputs of cellular respiration?

Unit 5: Photosynthesis & Cell Respiration

Question Answer
What are the inputs of cellular respiration? Glucose, oxygen
What are the outputs of cellular respiration? Carbon dioxide, water, energy (ATP)
What is the site of cellular respiration? Mitochondria

What role does oxygen play in cellular respiration?

And what exactly is the role of oxygen? Oxygen is the final electron acceptor of the electron transport chain in the final step of cellular respiration. Oxygen combines with electrons and hydrogen ions to produce water.

What is the role of oxygen in cellular respiration and photosynthesis?

In photosynthesis, solar energy is harvested as chemical energy in a process that converts water and carbon dioxide to glucose. Oxygen is released as a byproduct. In cellular respiration, oxygen is used to break down glucose, releasing chemical energy and heat in the process.

In which kind of respiration co2 and water is released after using oxygen?

Anaerobic respiration

Aerobic respiration
Oxygen Present
Oxidation of glucose Complete
Reactants of respiration Glucose and oxygen
Products of respiration Carbon dioxide and water (and ATP)

How glucose is broken down into carbon dioxide?

During cellular respiration, a glucose molecule is gradually broken down into carbon dioxide and water. Along the way, some ATP is produced directly in the reactions that transform glucose. Much more ATP, however, is produced later in a process called oxidative phosphorylation.

Which type of respiration is most efficient?

Aerobic respiration

What type of respiration requires oxygen?

aerobic respiration

What are two main types of anaerobic respiration?

Anaerobic respiration occurs when the amount of oxygen available is too low to support the process of aerobic respiration. There are two main types of anaerobic respiration, alcoholic fermentation and lactic acid fermentation.

Which respiration is more efficient in human Why?

What is the main advantage of anaerobic respiration?

Another advantage of anaerobic respiration is its speed. It produces ATP very quickly. For example, it lets your muscles get the energy they need for short bursts of intense activity (see Figure below). Aerobic respiration, on the other hand, produces ATP more slowly.

What are the disadvantages of anaerobic respiration?

Disadvantages: Anaerobic respiration generates only two ATPs and produces lactic acid. Most lactic acid diffuses out of the cell and into the bloodstream and is subsequently absorbed by the liver. Some of the lactic acid remains in the muscle fibers, where it contributes to muscle fatigue.

What is the importance of anaerobic respiration?

Anaerobic respiration is economically important – many of our foods are produced by microorganisms respiring anaerobically. Yeast is used to make alcoholic drinks. When yeast cells are reproducing rapidly during beer or wine production, the oxygen is used up.

What is the importance of anaerobic?

Anaerobic exercise helps boost metabolism as it builds and maintains lean muscle. The more lean muscle you have, the more calories you’ll burn during your next sweat session. High-intensity exercise is also thought to increase your post-workout calorie burn.

What is the main product of anaerobic respiration?

Aerobic respiration vs anaerobic respiration

Aerobic Anaerobic
Oxygen Needed Not needed
Glucose breakdown Complete Incomplete
End product(s) Carbon dioxide and water Animal cells: lactic acid. Plant cells and yeast: carbon dioxide and ethanol
Energy released Relatively large amount Relatively small amount

What is the equation of anaerobic respiration?

(glucose + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water). Anaerobic respiration also produces energy and uses glucose, but it produces less energy and does not require oxygen.

What are the 3 stages of anaerobic respiration?

Carbohydrates are broken down using all three stages of respiration (glycolysis, citric acid cycle and the electron transport chain).

What is the formula for respiration?

Carbon dioxide + Water Glucose (sugar) + Oxygen CO2 + H2O C6H12O6 + 6O2 Cellular respiration or aerobic respiration is a series of chemical reactions which begin with the reactants of sugar in the presence of oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water as waste products.

What is anaerobic respiration example?

Anaerobic respiration is the metabolic process in which oxygen is absent, and only the stage of glycolysis is completed. Some examples of anaerobic respiration include alcohol fermentation, lactic acid fermentation and in decomposition of organic matter.

What are some examples of anaerobic bacteria?

Examples of anaerobic organisms include:

  • Actinomyces.
  • Clostridium.
  • Propionibacterium.
  • Bifidobacterium.
  • Bacteroides.
  • Fusobacterium.
  • Prevotella.

What is another name for anaerobic respiration?

The other name for anaerobic respiration is fermentation.

Where can you see anaerobic respiration?

Anaerobic respiration occurs in many environments, including freshwater and marine sediments, soil, subsurface aquifers, deep subsurface environments, and biofilms. Even environments, such as soil, that contain oxygen also have micro-environments that lack oxygen due to the slow diffusion characteristics of oxygen gas.

What stage of aerobic respiration requires ATP?

glycolysis

Who does anaerobic respiration?

Some prokaryotes—bacteria and archaea—that live in low-oxygen environments rely on anaerobic respiration to break down fuels. For example, some archaea called methanogens can use carbon dioxide as a terminal electron acceptor, producing methane as a by-product.

How do you prove that co2 is released during anaerobic respiration?

The carbon dioxide that is released in the process is absorbed or consumed by the KOH solution that is suspended in the test tube in the conical flask, creating a vacuum or a void in the flask resulting in the upward water movement in the tube. Hence, the water level in the tube changes.

Where is carbon dioxide produced during respiration in humans?

As the respiration takes place in the absence of oxygen, incomplete oxidation of food occurs and much less energy is released. However, carbon dioxide is still produced. This is called anaerobic respiration and the process occurs in the cytoplasm.

How is carbon dioxide released during respiration?

Carbon dioxide is also released when organisms breathe. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are changed into energy and carbon dioxide. Therefore, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere during the process of cellular respiration.

Which gas is used in respiration?

oxygen

What are the 7 organs of respiratory system?

Organs in your respiratory system include your:

  • Nose.
  • Mouth.
  • Larynx.
  • Pharynx.
  • Lungs.
  • Diaphragm.

What are the 10 parts of the respiratory system?

Respiratory system

  • Nose.
  • Mouth.
  • Throat (pharynx)
  • Voice box (larynx)
  • Windpipe (trachea)
  • Large airways (bronchi)
  • Lungs.