What are the main factors that influence temperature?
The factors that affects temperature are altitude, latitude and distance from sea. The height measured from sea level is called altitude. When the latitude increases, the distant from the sun also increases, so the temperature gradually decreases. When the altitude increases, the temperature also gradually decreases.
Which of the following is affected by latitude altitude distance from large bodies of water and ocean currents?
What are the 2 main factors that help determine what the climate is like for a region on Earth?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.
Which factor has the most influence on Earth’s climate?
On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.
What natural factors influence climate?
The Earth’s climate can be affected by natural factors that are external to the climate system, such as changes in volcanic activity, solar output, and the Earth’s orbit around the Sun
How do mountains influence weather and climate?
Mountains as rain makers and rain takers The mountains create a barrier to air moving eastward off the Pacific Ocean. The rising air cools as it moves up and over the mountains, and much of its moisture condenses, forming clouds and precipitation
How does the presence of mountains affect weather?
Mountains can have a significant effect on rainfall. When air reaches the mountains, it is forced to rise over this barrier. As the air moves up the windward side of a mountain, it cools, and the volume decreases. As a result, humidity increases and orographic clouds and precipitation can develop
How do mountains influence temperature?
The main way that mountains affect temperature is by cause air to rise and then fall. Therefore as pressure drops so does temperature. As air rises up the windward side of the mountain it drops in temperature. As it descends on the leeward side of the mountain it increases in temperature
Why do the mountains have low temperature?
As air rises, the pressure decreases. It is this lower pressure at higher altitudes that causes the temperature to be colder on top of a mountain than at sea level.
How does elevation affect temperature?
As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands) and the temperature decreases. If the humidity is at 100 percent (because it’s snowing), the temperature decreases more slowly with height
Which side of the mountain gets more rain?
The higher the mountain, the more pronounced the rain shadow effect is and the less likely rain will fall on the leeward side. The Windward is the side of a mountain that is facing into the direction that the wind is coming from. The Leeward side is the wind protected side of a mountain.
What is mountain barriers?
n. (Physical Geography) a series of adjoining mountains or of lines of mountains of similar origin.
What is the relationship between elevation and climate?
Usually, as elevation increases, the weather gets colder and the climate becomes harsher (more intense weathering: windier and colder). There is also less air as elevation increases. As elevation decreases on land that most live on, the climate gets warmer as well as more humid.
What is lee side of mountain?
The term leeward, or lee, refers to slopes that are oriented away from the wind. If winds are strong enough, snow from windward slopes can be redistributed or blown to leeward areas, causing them to become loaded. Wind slabs often form on lee aspects as a result of this wind transport.