What are the alternate forms of a gene quizlet?
Alternative forms of a given gene are called alleles, and they can be dominant or recessive. When an individual has two of the same allele, whether dominant or recessive, they are homozygous. Heterozygous means having one each of two different alleles.
What is AP Cross?
A dihybrid cross describes a mating experiment between two organisms that are identically hybrid for two traits. Organisms in this initial cross are called the parental, or P generation. …
What is Monohybrid trait?
A monohybrid cross is a genetic mix between two individuals who have homozygous genotypes, or genotypes that have completely dominant or completely recessive alleles, which result in opposite phenotypes for a certain genetic trait
Why is it called a Monohybrid cross?
“A monohybrid cross is the hybrid of two individuals with homozygous genotypes which result in the opposite phenotype for a certain genetic trait.” “The cross between two monohybrid traits (TT and tt) is called a Monohybrid Cross.” Monohybrid cross is responsible for the inheritance of one gene.
What is the difference between a gene and an allele select the best answer?
A gene is a unit of hereditary information. The short answer is that an allele is a variant form of a gene. Explained in greater detail, each gene resides at a specific locus (location on a chromosome) in two copies, one copy of the gene inherited from each parent. The copies, however, are not necessarily the same.
What is a gene vs chromosome?
Genes are segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contain the code for a specific protein that functions in one or more types of cells in the body. Chromosomes are structures within cells that contain a person’s genes.
How do you determine the genotype?
Genotype is determined by the makeup of alleles, pairs of genes responsible for particular traits. An allele can be made up of two dominant genes, a dominant and a recessive gene, or two recessive genes. The combination of the two, and which one is dominant, determines what trait the allele will express.
Which of the following is an example of phenotype?
Phenotype, all the observable characteristics of an organism that result from the interaction of its genotype (total genetic inheritance) with the environment. Examples of observable characteristics include behaviour, biochemical properties, colour, shape, and size.
What are the different types of genotype?
The different possible genotypes are AA, AO, BB, BO, AB, and OO. How are blood types related to the six genotypes? A blood test is used to determine whether the A and/or B characteristics are present in a blood sample.