What are normal lab ranges?
Laboratory Reference Ranges in Healthy Adults
- Ammonia: 15-50 µmol/L.
- Ceruloplasmin: 15-60 mg/dL.
- Chloride: 95-105 mmol/L.
- Copper: 70-150 µg/dL.
- Creatinine: 0.8-1.3 mg/dL.
- Blood urea nitrogen: 8-21 mg/dL.
- Ferritin: 12-300 ng/mL (men), 12-150 ng/mL (women)
- Glucose: 65-110 mg/dL.
How are normal lab values determined?
A reference range is usually defined as the set of values 95 percent of the normal population falls within (that is, 95% prediction interval). It is determined by collecting data from vast numbers of laboratory tests.
What is a normal K level?
Normally, your blood potassium level is 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). A very low potassium level (less than 2.5 mmol/L ) can be life-threatening and requires urgent medical attention.
How do I reduce my potassium levels?
To help keep your potassium levels within normal range, your doctor may recommend the following:
- Following a low-potassium diet, if needed.
- Try avoiding certain salt substitutes.
- Avoiding herbal remedies or supplements.
- Taking water pills or potassium binders, as directed by your healthcare provider.
What are the symptoms of high potassium?
Hyperkalemia symptoms include:
- Abdominal (belly) pain and diarrhea.
- Chest pain.
- Heart palpitations or arrhythmia (irregular, fast or fluttering heartbeat).
- Muscle weakness or numbness in limbs.
- Nausea and vomiting.
Does vitamin B12 lower potassium?
During early intensive B12 treatment potassium levels may fall, causing hypokalemia, so please increase your intake of potassium rich foods.
How high is too high potassium levels?
According to the Mayo Clinic, a normal range of potassium is between 3.6 and 5.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) of blood. A potassium level higher than 5.5 mmol/L is critically high, and a potassium level over 6 mmol/L can be life-threatening.
Do you have to be hospitalized for high potassium?
Severe hyperkalemia is a medical emergency and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality; it therefore requires hospitalization, ECG monitoring, and immediate treatment .
What type of doctor treats high potassium?
Hematologist/oncologist – For hyperkalemia resulting from tumor lysis syndrome. Nutritional support specialist – For hyperkalemia caused by renal failure, which requires close regulation of potassium and sodium intake. Endocrinologist – For suspected mineralocorticoid abnormalities (eg, congenital adrenal hyperplasia)