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2021-05-14

What are 3 pieces of evidence that support the Endosymbiotic theory?

What are 3 pieces of evidence that support the Endosymbiotic theory?

The first piece of evidence that needed to be found to support the endosymbiotic hypothesis was whether or not mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA and if this DNA is similar to bacterial DNA. This was later proven to be true for DNA, RNA, ribosomes, chlorophyll (for chloroplasts), and protein synthesis.

What characteristics of mitochondria and chloroplasts support the Endosymbiotic theory?

The endosymbiotic theory states that some of the organelles in eukaryotic cells were once prokaryotic microbes. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA which is circular, not linear.

What evidence supports the endosymbiotic theory for the origin of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

In addition to the lack of histones, mitochondria and chloroplasts have circular, single stranded DNA. Single stranded, circular DNA is found exclusively in prokaryotes. This evidence supports the endosymbiosis theory because these characteristics would allow the mitochondria and chloroplasts to survive on their own.

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Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria that supports the Endosymbiotic theory?

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characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports the endosymbiotic theory both contain DNA molecules
which of the following organelles modifies and packages for secreation the materials produced by the ribosomes. the Golgi Bodies

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Which of the following is a characteristic of mitochondria and chloroplasts that supports the endosymbiotic theory? Both contain DNA molecules. Organelles such as mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum have membranes that compartmentalize reactions and other metabolic processes.

Which best describes Endosymbiotic bacteria?

Which best describes endosymbiotic bacteria? They live within other cells and perform specific functions for their host cells.

What best describes the Endosymbiotic relationship?

Endosymbiosis is a mutually beneficial relationship between a host organism and an internal associate organism. The term is derived from the prefix “endo,” meaning within, and the word symbiosis, which refers to a mutually beneficial relationship between two closely associated organisms.

What does Endosymbiotic theory explain?

The Endosymbiotic Theory states that the mitochondria and chloroplast in eukaryotic cells were once aerobic bacteria (prokaryote) that were ingested by a large anaerobic bacteria (prokaryote). This theory explains the origin of eukaryotic cells.

What does Endosymbiotic mean?

Medical Definition of endosymbiosis : symbiosis in which a symbiotic organism lives within the body of its partner. Other Words from endosymbiosis. endosymbiotic \ -​ˈät-​ik \ adjective.

What is the importance of the Endosymbiotic?

Endosymbiotic theory is important as it explains the origin of the chroloplast and mitochondria. It also explains the formation of the eukaryotic cells. Explanation; Endosymbiotic theory explains the origins of eukaryotic cell organelles such as mitochondria in animals and fungi and chloroplasts in plants.

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Why is endosymbiosis is an important process?

Endosymbiosis is important because it is a theory that explains the origin of chloroplast and mitochondria. It is also a theory that explains how eukaryotic cells came to be.

What are evidences to support the Endosymbiotic theory?

There is broad evidence to show that mitochondria and plastids arose from bacteria and one of the strongest arguments to support the endosymbiotic theory is that both mitochondria and plastids contain DNA that is different from that of the cell nucleus and that they have their own protein biosynthesis machinery.

Why do you think a mitochondrion has 2 membranes?

Mitochondria Structure The outer membrane covers the organelle and contains it like a skin. The folding of the inner membrane increases the surface area inside the organelle. Since many of the chemical reactions happen on the inner membrane, the increased surface area creates more space for reactions to occur.

Is the Endosymbiotic theory valid?

These theories were initially dismissed on the assumption that they did not contain DNA. This was proven false in the 1960s, leading Hans Ris to resurrect the idea. Endosymbiosis is a debate that has been widely accepted in the molecular biology world.

What are the steps of Endosymbiotic theory?

Terms in this set (6)

  • Prokaryotic cell membrane folded into cytoplasm.
  • Nuclear membrane, endoplasmic recticulum, and golgi body are now independent of external membrane.
  • Ancestoral eukaryote engulfed, but did not kill prokaryote.
  • The prokaryote survived inside the eukaryote and each evolved a dependence of each other.

Who proposed Endosymbiotic theory?

Lynn Margulis

Did symbiosis play a role in the development of eukaryotes?

It has become clear now that eukaryogenesis occurred by symbiogenesis of archaea and bacteria (Fig. 1), supporting Margulis’ visionary idea, also adopted by later symbiogenetic models, that symbiosis was crucial in eukaryotic evolution, leading to an increase in average cell complexity.

What is the result of endosymbiosis?

Mitochondria, the result of endosymbiosis in eukaryotic evolution are the energy-generating V8 engines of eukaryotic cells, where oxidative phosphorylation and electron transport metabolism takes place. Plastids, including chloroplasts, are the corresponding photosynthetic organelles of plant and algae cells.

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What is the job of the mitochondria?

Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

How did endosymbiosis impact the structure and function of cells?

Endosymbiosis has had a profound impact on the evolution and diversification of eukaryotes. Mitochondria and plastids, the energy-generating organelles of modern-day eukaryotes, evolved from free-living prokaryotes that were taken up by eukaryotic hosts and transformed into permanent subcellular compartments.

Why eukaryotic cells are important?

The ability to maintain different environments inside a single cell allows eukaryotic cells to carry out complex metabolic reactions that prokaryotes cannot. In fact, it’s a big part of the reason why eukaryotic cells can grow to be many times larger than prokaryotic ones.

Where do eukaryotes come from?

The hypothesis that eukaryotic cells evolved from a symbiotic association of prokaryotes—endosymbiosis—is particularly well supported by studies of mitochondria and chloroplasts, which are thought to have evolved from bacteria living in large cells.

How did the nucleus originated?

A more recent proposal, the exomembrane hypothesis, suggests that the nucleus instead originated from a single ancestral cell that evolved a second exterior cell membrane; the interior membrane enclosing the original cell then became the nuclear membrane and evolved increasingly elaborate pore structures for passage of …

What is nucleus and what is its function?

The nucleus controls and regulates the activities of the cell (e.g., growth and metabolism) and carries the genes, structures that contain the hereditary information. Nucleoli are small bodies often seen within the nucleus. The gel-like matrix in which the nuclear components are suspended is the nucleoplasm.