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2021-05-14

Is rRNA a nucleic acid?

Is rRNA a nucleic acid?

Ribosomal RNA, also known as rRNA, is a significant component of the ribosome. rRNA fabricates the polypeptides and provides a mechanism for decoding mRNA into amino acids and interacts with the tRNA during translation.

Which component of the rRNA binds to the mRNA?

The effects of complementarity on translation were assessed by using the mRNA encoding ribosomal protein S15. This mRNA contains a sequence within its coding region that is complementary to the 18S rRNA at 20 of 22 nucleotides.

What contains ribosomal RNA?

Molecules of rRNA are synthesized in a specialized region of the cell nucleus called the nucleolus, which appears as a dense area within the nucleus and contains the genes that encode rRNA. Ribosomal proteins are synthesized in the cytoplasm and transported to the nucleus for subassembly in the nucleolus.

Where are ribosomal proteins made?

cytoplasm

How proteins are made in a cell?

Protein from your diet is broken down into individual amino acids which are reassembled by your ribosomes into proteins that your cells need. The information to produce a protein is encoded in the cell’s DNA. When a protein is produced, a copy of the DNA is made (called mRNA) and this copy is transported to a ribosome.

What is the function of carrier proteins?

26.2. 1.1 Membrane Carrier Proteins. Membrane carrier proteins are important transmembrane polypeptide molecules which facilitate the movement of charged and polar molecules and ions across the lipid bilayer structure of the cell membranes [4].

How is collagen secreted?

Together with other extracellular proteins, collagen provides the structural framework on which tissues develop and function. It is synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum, an intracellular organelle, as a rigid, rod-like precursor (procollagen) about 300 nanometres in length

How collagen is produced?

When your body makes collagen, it combines amino acids — nutrients you get from eating protein-rich foods, like beef, chicken, fish, beans, eggs and dairy products. The process also requires vitamin C, zinc and copper. You can get vitamin C by eating citrus fruits, red and green peppers, tomatoes, broccoli and greens

What type of protein structure is collagen?

Section 22.3Collagen: The Fibrous Proteins of the Matrix. Collagen is the major insoluble fibrous protein in the extracellular matrix and in connective tissue. In fact, it is the single most abundant protein in the animal kingdom.

How is collagen important to body structure?

Collagen is a protein your body makes naturally. It makes up about a third of all of the protein in your body. It’s essential for healthy joints. It also keeps skin elastic to lessen wrinkles

How is the structure of collagen similar to Haemoglobin?

Similarities:Both have a quaternary structure (consisting of more than one polypeptide). Both are found in animals (haemoglobin is found in blood and collagen is found in the muscles, skin, bones and tendons). Differences:Haemoglobin consists of four polypeptides while collagen has three.

What is the structure of a molecule of hemoglobin?

Each hemoglobin molecule is made up of four heme groups surrounding a globin group, forming a tetrahedral structure. Heme, which accounts for only 4 percent of the weight of the molecule, is composed of a ringlike organic compound known as a porphyrin to which an iron atom is attached

What is collagen structure?

Collagen (/ˈkɒlədʒɪn/) is the main structural protein in the extracellular matrix found in the body’s various connective tissues. Collagen consists of amino acids bound together to form a triple helix of elongated fibril known as a collagen helix.

Why is collagen a quaternary structure?

The quaternary structure of collagen consists of three left-handed helices twisted into a right-handed coil. Molecular model studies show that this sequence works the best for the triple helix structure. Glycine is needed because it is small and is the only amino acid which can fit in the interior of the triple helix.

What is the secondary structure of collagen?

The collagen triple helix or type-2 helix is the primary secondary structure of various types of fibrous collagen, including type I collagen. It consists of a triple helix made of the repetitious amino acid sequence glycine-X-Y, where X and Y are frequently proline or hydroxyproline.

How are quaternary structures held together?

Quaternary structure is held together by noncovalent bonds between complementary surface hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions on the polypeptide subunits. Additionally, acidic and basic side chains can form salt linkages.

How do you describe a quaternary structure?

The quaternary structure of a protein is the association of several protein chains or subunits into a closely packed arrangement. Each of the subunits has its own primary, secondary, and tertiary structure. The subunits are held together by hydrogen bonds and van der Waals forces between nonpolar side chains.

What type of bond stabilizes quaternary protein structure?

hydrogen-bonding

Do enzymes have a quaternary structure?

The quaternary structure refers to the number and arrangement of the protein subunits with respect to one another. Enzymes composed of subunits with diverse functions are sometimes called holoenzymes, in which some parts may be known as regulatory subunits and the functional core is known as the catalytic subunit.