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2021-05-14

Is RNA a double-stranded nucleic acid?

Is RNA a double-stranded nucleic acid?

In most cases, naturally occurring DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. Nucleic acid types differ in the structure of the sugar in their nucleotides–DNA contains 2′-deoxyribose while RNA contains ribose (where the only difference is the presence of a hydroxyl group).

Is RNA a single-stranded nucleic acid or a double-stranded nucleic acid?

Unlike double-stranded DNA, RNA is a single-stranded molecule in many of its biological roles and consists of much shorter chains of nucleotides. However, a single RNA molecule can, by complementary base pairing, form intrastrand double helixes, as in tRNA.

What is a double-stranded nucleic acid called?

The double helix is a description of the molecular shape of a double-stranded DNA molecule. In 1953, Francis Crick and James Watson first described the molecular structure of DNA, which they called a “double helix,” in the journal Nature.

Is RNA a type of nucleic acid?

RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is a nucleic acid that is similar in structure to DNA but different in subtle ways.

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How long can RNA last?

RNA is generally stable at -80° C for up to a year without degradation. Magnesium and other metals catalyze non-specific cleavages in RNA, and so should be chelated by the addition of EDTA if RNA is to be stored and retrieved intact.

How can you protect your RNA?

For short-term storage, purified RNA can be stored at –20°C. However, we recommend storing RNA at –80°C in single-use aliquots to prevent damage to the RNA from multiple freeze-thaw events and help to prevent accidental RNase contamination.

How can RNA be destroyed?

Once the virus is inside human cells, a protein called ZAP can identify viral RNAs by binding to a precise motif, a combination of two nucleotides called CpG. This allows the cell to destroy the viral RNA, thus preventing the virus from multiplying.