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2021-05-18

How does the motion of the particles of the medium differ between transverse and longitudinal waves explain?

How does the motion of the particles of the medium differ between transverse and longitudinal waves explain?

In a longitudinal wave, the medium or the channel moves in the same direction with respect to the wave. Here, the movement of the particles is from left to right and force other particles to vibrate. In a transverse wave will the medium or the channel moves perpendicular to the direction of the wave.

How do the particles of a medium move compared to the motion of a transverse wave?

They differ in how particles of the medium move. You can see this in the Figure below. In a transverse wave, particles of the medium vibrate up and down perpendicular to the direction of the wave. In a longitudinal wave, particles of the medium vibrate back and forth parallel to the direction of the wave.

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How do the particles of the medium move in a longitudinal wave?

A longitudinal wave is a wave in which particles of the medium move in a direction parallel to the direction that the wave moves. Longitudinal waves are always characterized by particle motion being parallel to wave motion. A sound wave traveling through air is a classic example of a longitudinal wave.

What are the significant similarities and differences between longitudinal and transverse waves?

2 Answers. For transverse waves, the waves move in perpendicular direction to the source of vibration. For longitudinal waves, the waves move in parallel direction to the source of vibration . They are similar in the sense that energy is transferred in the form of waves.

Which of the following describes the difference between a transverse wave and a longitudinal wave?

In a transverse wave, the particles are displaced perpendicular to the direction the wave travels. In a longitudinal wave the particles are displaced parallel to the direction the wave travels. An example of longitudinal waves is compressions moving along a slinky.

What best describes the crest of a transverse wave?

Waves have moving crests (or peaks) and troughs. A crest is the highest point the medium rises to and a trough is the lowest point the medium sinks to. Crests and troughs on a transverse wave are shown in Figure 8.2. A crest is a point on the wave where the displacement of the medium is at a maximum.

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What is the difference between transverse and compressional waves?

Movement: The movement of the medium is different. In the longitudinal wave, the medium moves left to right, while in thee transverse wave, the medium moves vertically up and down. Longitudinal waves have a compression and rarefaction, while the transverse wave has a crest and a trough.

Why are water waves both transverse and longitudinal?

Water waves are an example of waves that involve a combination of both longitudinal and transverse motions. As a wave travels through the waver, the particles travel in clockwise circles. The radius of the circles decreases as the depth into the water increases.

Why transverse waves are not possible in fluids?

Transverse waves travel in the form of crests and troughs involving change in shape of the medium. As liquid and gases do not possess the elasticity of shape, therefore mechanical transverse waves cannot be produced in liquids and gases.

Can transverse waves travel in vacuum?

Light and other types of electromagnetic waves are considered transverse waves. These waves travel through a vacuum as they do not need a medium for their propagation.

In which medium transverse waves can be produced?

Answer. the wave in which d particles of medium vibrate about their mean positions,in a direction perpendicular to d direction of propagation of wave is called the transverse wave. it can only be produced in solid and surface of liquids..

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Can transverse waves be produced in liquids?

Transverse waves travel in the form of crest and troughs involving change in shape of the medium. As liquids and gases do not possess the elasticity of shape, therefore transverse waves cannot be produced in liquid and gases.

Why are longitudinal waves called pressure waves?

Mechanical longitudinal waves are also called compressional or compression waves, because they produce compression and rarefaction when traveling through a medium, and pressure waves, because they produce increases and decreases in pressure.

Do transverse waves travel at the speed of light?

These are transverse waves, like the ripples in a tank of water. The direction of vibration in the waves is at 90° to the direction that the light travels….How light travels.

Light waves Sound waves
Type of wave Transverse Longitudinal
Can they travel through matter (solids, liquids and gases)? Yes (if transparent or translucent) Yes

What do transverse and longitudinal waves have in common?

What do transverse and longitudinal waves have in common? they both need something like a medium to travel through (matter) however a light wave can travel through a vacuum. An earthquake wave is a P wave that is longitudinal.

Is a phonon a particle?

Phonon is considered a quasi-particle, beacuse it can exist only in solids as a consequence of vibrational motions: they cannot propagate in vacuum.