How does the angle of the sun affect temperature?
The angle of incoming solar radiation influences seasonal temperatures of locations at different latitudes. At higher latitudes, the angle of solar radiation is smaller, causing energy to be spread over a larger area of the surface and cooler temperatures.
How does latitude affect the temperature of an area?
Latitudes are angles that range from zero degrees at the equator to 90 degrees North or 90 degrees South at the poles. Temperature is inversely related to latitude. As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles.
How does latitude affect the amount of heat a place receives?
The intensity of heat depends on the latitude. The heat of the sun is more in low latitudes in the high latitudes. The sun’s rays fall perpendicularly over the equatorial region throughout the year while they fall in inclined direction over the polar areas.
What are the 6 temperature controls?
Lecture 6 – Temperature Controls
- Cloud cover and albedo.
- Land – water temperature gradient.
- Geographic position.
- Ocean currents.
- Urban effects.
What are the major controls affecting climate of a place?
There are six major controls; of the climate of a place: (i) Latitude: Due to the curvature of the earth, the amount of solar energy received varies according, to latitude. (iii) Pressure and wind system: The pressure and wind system of any area depend on the latitude and altitude of the place.
What are the five main physical controls of air temperature?
Latitude (angle of Sun) – Chapter 2. Differential heating of land and water (they heat up/cool down differently) Ocean Currents. Altitude.
What can affect air temperature?
Five important factors influence air temperature:
- Latitude. Daily and annual cycles of insolation vary systematically with latitude, causing air temperatures and air temperature cycles to vary as well.
- Surface type.
- Coastal or interior location.
- Atmospheric and oceanic circulations.
What is the most important global annual temperature control?
Altitude is the single most important influence on temperature variations. Within the troposphere, temperatures decrease with increasing altitude above Earth’s surface. Approximately 84 percent of all evaporation on Earth is from the land.
What is the main global temperature control?
Water vapor and clouds are the major contributors to Earth’s greenhouse effect, but a new atmosphere-ocean climate modeling study shows that the planet’s temperature ultimately depends on the atmospheric level of carbon dioxide.
Which is the single most important control on temperature?
Why does the earth not freeze at night?
Probably because nights are short. If we were to become tidally locked with the sun – meaning that earth’s rotation would match up with it’s orbit so the same side would always face the sun – the dark side definitely would freeze. 8000 miles is nothing given the size of the earth’s orbit.
How does earth stay warm at night?
Earth’s surface warms up in the sunlight. At night, Earth’s surface cools, releasing heat back into the air. But some of the heat is trapped by the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That’s what keeps our Earth a warm and cozy 58 degrees Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius), on average.
Where do we find water on the earth?
Earth’s water is (almost) everywhere: above the Earth in the air and clouds, on the surface of the Earth in rivers, oceans, ice, plants, in living organisms, and inside the Earth in the top few miles of the ground.