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2021-05-14

How does multiple alleles affect inheritance?

How does multiple alleles affect inheritance?

Multiple alleles is a type of non-Mendelian inheritance pattern that involves more than just the typical two alleles that usually code for a certain characteristic in a species. Most of the time, when multiple alleles come into play for a trait, there is a mix of types of dominance patterns that occur.

How are dominant and recessive alleles inherited?

Alleles produce phenotypes (or physical versions of a trait) that are either dominant or recessive. The dominance or recessivity associated with a particular allele is the result of masking, by which a dominant phenotype hides a recessive phenotype.

What are sex linked traits and how are they inherited?

Sex linked is a trait in which a gene is located on a sex chromosome. In humans, the term generally refers to traits that are influenced by genes on the X chromosome. This is because the X chromosome is large and contains many more genes than the smaller Y chromosome.

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How do you know if something is dominant or recessive?

If both parents do not have the trait and the child does, it is recessive. If one parent has the trait and the child does or does not, it is dominant.

What is an example of a recessive allele?

Recessive alleles only show their effect if the individual has two copies of the allele (also known as being homozygous?). For example, the allele for blue eyes is recessive, therefore to have blue eyes you need to have two copies of the ‘blue eye’ allele.

What is a recessive allele simple definition?

A recessive allele is a variety of genetic code that does not create a phenotype if a dominant allele is present. An allele is a specific variation of a gene, or specific segment of DNA. Different alleles produce slightly different proteins, which function in different ways.

What best describes a recessive allele?

A recessive allele is a variety of genetic code that does not create a phenotype if a dominant allele is present. In a dominant/recessive relationship between two alleles, the recessive allele’s effects are masked by the more dramatic effects of the dominant allele.

What best describes an allele?

An allele is a viable DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) coding that occupies a given locus (position) on a chromosome. Usually alleles are sequences that code for a gene, but sometimes the term is used to refer to a non-gene sequence. An individual’s genotype for that gene is the set of alleles it happens to possess.

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Which best describes genetic mutations?

Which best describes genetic mutations?

A) Genetic mutations that cause diseases are always passed on to offspring. B) Some inherited genetic mutations can be good for the offspring.
C) Different genetic mutations cause few forms of cancer. D) Somatic mutations can be inherited from parents or acquired during life.

How is an allele described?

An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. Alleles contribute to the organism’s phenotype, which is the outward appearance of the organism. Some alleles are dominant or recessive.

What is the difference between multiple alleles and multiple genes?

Multiple alleles are more than two alternative forms of a gene, located at the same loci of homologous chromosomes. In polygenic traits, several genes are involved in determining a single trait. Multiple alleles follow complete dominance or codominance while polygenic traits follow codominance or incomplete dominance.

Which parent determines the blood type of the child?

Just like eye or hair color, our blood type is inherited from our parents. Each biological parent donates one of two ABO genes to their child. The A and B genes are dominant and the O gene is recessive. For example, if an O gene is paired with an A gene, the blood type will be A.

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What blood type can kill your baby?

IgG antibodies can cross the placenta and destroy fetal red blood cells. This causes Rh disease, which is dangerous for the fetus. Some Rh-negative people never become sensitized, even after exposure to large amounts of Rh-positive blood.

What blood type Cannot have babies?

ABO incompatibility can occur only if a woman with type O blood has a baby whose blood is type A, type B, or type AB. If a baby is type O there won’t be a problem with a negative immune response because type O blood cells don’t have immune-response triggering antigens.

Does the father’s blood type matter in pregnancy?

The blood type and Rh factor of a pregnant woman and the father of her baby can affect what blood type the baby has. It will also influence the antibodies the mother’s body makes as an immune response to foreign matter in her body such as bacteria, sperm and even an embryo.