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2021-05-27

How can you prevent respiratory complications post op?

How can you prevent respiratory complications post op?

Patients should be extubated in reverse Trendelenburg position. Postoperatively, continuous positive airway pressure helps prevent airway collapse and protocolized, early mobilization improves cognitive and respiratory function.

What are the respiratory complications associated with surgery?

General anesthesia and surgery are the main causes of postoperative respiratory complications. Atelectasis, a common respiratory complication, may contribute to pneumonia and acute respiratory failure.

How can you prevent pulmonary complications after surgery?

PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES AGAINST ACUTE LUNG INJURY

  • Avoidance of alcohol.
  • Improving nutritional status.
  • Improving patients’ functional respiratory performance.
  • Pre-operative physiotherapy to provide adequate lung expansion and reduce atelectasis.
  • Pre-operative inspiratory muscle training.
  • Optimisation of medical therapy.

What causes respiratory distress after surgery?

Recent findings: General anesthesia and surgery are the main causes of postoperative respiratory complications. Atelectasis, a common respiratory complication, may contribute to pneumonia and acute respiratory failure.

How does anesthesia affect the lungs?

Anaesthesia also causes collapse of lung tissue in dependent regions and presumably airway closure. Parallel to, or as a consequence of, the changes in lung mechanics, anaesthesia causes an impaired oxygenation of blood, with increased shunt and ventilation-perfusion mismatch.

What are post pulmonary complications?

Traditional definitions of postoperative pulmonary complications include atelectasis, bronchospasm, pneumonia, and exacerbation of chronic lung disease.

What Causes Post op pulmonary edema?

Numerous etiologies including sepsis, trauma, burns, blood transfusions, aspiration, and chemical inhalation and so on can cause acute damage to the vascular endothelium in the pulmonary tissue and resulting in pulmonary edema.

How do you manage post op complications?

Treatment of rapid blood loss may include: IV fluids or blood plasma. Blood transfusion. More surgery to control the bleeding….It may include:

  1. Anticoagulant medicines (blood thinners to prevent further clotting)
  2. Thrombolytic medicines (to dissolve clots)
  3. Surgery or other procedures.

Why does Pulmonary collapse occur postoperatively?

Atelectasis occurs from a blocked airway (obstructive) or pressure from outside the lung (nonobstructive). General anesthesia is a common cause of atelectasis. It changes your regular pattern of breathing and affects the exchange of lung gases, which can cause the air sacs (alveoli) to deflate.

Do collapsed lungs repair themselves?

Symptoms usually include sudden chest pain and shortness of breath. On some occasions, a collapsed lung can be a life-threatening event. Treatment for a pneumothorax usually involves inserting a needle or chest tube between the ribs to remove the excess air. However, a small pneumothorax may heal on its own.