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2021-05-15

Do DNA and RNA contain a 5 carbon sugar?

Do DNA and RNA contain a 5 carbon sugar?

Sugars. In addition to having slightly different sets of bases, DNA and RNA nucleotides also have slightly different sugars. The five-carbon sugar in DNA is called deoxyribose, while in RNA, the sugar is ribose.

What is the 5 carbon sugar found in RNA?

Ribose

What is the 5 carbon sugar present in DNA?

deoxyribose

What are at least 3 differences between DNA and RNA?

So, the three main structural differences between RNA and DNA are as follows: RNA is single-stranded while DNA is double-stranded. RNA contains uracil while DNA contains thymine. RNA has the sugar ribose while DNA has the sugar deoxyribose.

Which best describes the relationship between DNA and proteins?

(1) Cells contain DNA that controls the production of proteins. (2) DNA is composed of proteins that carry coded information for how cells function. (3) Proteins are used to produce cells that link amino acids together into DNA. (4) Cells are linked together by proteins to make different kinds of DNA molecules.

What is an amino acid DNA?

Amino acids are a set of 20 different molecules used to build proteins. Proteins consist of one or more chains of amino acids called polypeptides. The sequence of the amino acid chain causes the polypeptide to fold into a shape that is biologically active. The amino acid sequences of proteins are encoded in the genes.

What is the relation between DNA and proteins?

DNA carries the genetic information for making proteins. The four bases A, T, C and G make up the genetic code. The base sequence determines amino acid sequence in protein.

How DNA and proteins are linked?

To carry out these functions, DNA sequences must be converted into messages that can be used to produce proteins, which are the complex molecules that do most of the work in our bodies. Each DNA sequence that contains instructions to make a protein is known as a gene.

Can proteins be made without DNA?

However, the information needed to make proteins is stored in DNA molecules. You can’t make new proteins without DNA, and you can’t make new DNA without proteins. If RNA could catalyse reactions as well as storing information, some RNA molecules might be capable of making more RNA molecules.

What came first protein or DNA?

This question is molecular biology’s version of the “chicken-or-the-egg” riddle. Genes made of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA) contain the instructions for making proteins, but enzymes made of proteins are needed to replicate genes.

How do DNA and RNA related?

The two main types of nucleic acids are DNA and RNA. Both DNA and RNA are made from nucleotides, each containing a five-carbon sugar backbone, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. DNA provides the code for the cell’s activities, while RNA converts that code into proteins to carry out cellular functions.