Close

2021-05-15

Will phosphorus gain or lose electrons to become stable?

Will phosphorus gain or lose electrons to become stable?

Phosphorus has 5 electrons in the outermost shell. By octet rule atom tends to combine in such a way that they’ll have 8 electrons in the valence shell. So phosphorous either gain 3 electrons or lose 5 electrons(phosphorous has 8 electrons in the second shell) while combining.

Do Group 3 lose or gain electrons?

Most elements in Group 3 lose three electrons to form 3+ ions. Boron, however, shows little tendency to form ions. It obtains a noble gas structure by sharing electrons with other atoms. This is called covalent bonding.

How many electrons will phosphorus gain or lose?

3 electrons

Which elements can either gain or lose electrons to form stable octets?

Summary

  • Atoms form compounds in ways that give them eight valence electrons.
  • Metals tend to lose electrons to achieve this configuration.
  • Nonmetals tend to gain electrons to achieve this configuration.

Which elements are likely to lose gain electrons?

Elements that are metals tend to lose electrons and become positively charged ions called cations. Elements that are nonmetals tend to gain electrons and become negatively charged ions called anions. Metals that are located in column 1A of the periodic table form ions by losing one electron.

How many electrons does fluorine need to gain in order to become stable?

one electron

Does magnesium want to gain or lose electrons?

Magnesium is in Group II and has two electrons in its valence shell. Thus it tends to lose two electrons. Nitrogen, on the other hand, is in Group V and has five valence electrons, so it needs to gain three electrons to get a full valence shell. Thus the most stable state for nitrogen ions is the N3− ion.

Why does fluorine gain electrons?

If atoms gain electrons, they become negative ions, or anions. Consider the example of fluorine (see figure below). A fluorine atom has nine protons and nine electrons, so it is electrically neutral. If a fluorine atom gains an electron, it becomes a fluoride ion with an electric charge of -1.

Why does fluorine have 9 electrons?

In an atom, the electrons spin around the center, also called the nucleus. The electrons like to be in separate shells/orbitals. So… for the element of FLUORINE, you already know that the atomic number tells you the number of electrons. That means there are 9 electrons in a fluorine atom.

Does fluorine react with gold?

Indeed, gold and fluorine faithfully form a fruitful partnership, and different types of reactivity have arisen from their combination

What information does 9 give about fluorine?

Fluorine has 9 protons. we know that atomic number of an atom is given by number of protons. Hence, the atomic number of Fluorine is 9. In a neutral atom, number of protons is equal to number of electrons but in the question no information is given on atom being neutral

Does fluorine have 10 neutrons?

The atomic number is the same as the number of protons in the nucleus. The number of electrons in a neutral atom is equal to the number of protons in the nucleus. All beryllium atoms have 5 neutrons in the nucleus and all fluorine atoms have 10 neutrons.

Which species has 9 electrons?

The element fluorine has 9 protons and 9 electrons.

What has 8 protons and 9 Neutrons?

oxygen

What has 8 electrons 8 protons and 10 neutrons?

oxygen atom

What element has 8 electrons and 10 neutrons?

Oxygen

How do you find number of electrons?

The number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom can be determined from a set of simple rules. The number of protons in the nucleus of the atom is equal to the atomic number (Z). The number of electrons in a neutral atom is equal to the number of protons.

Why does oxygen steal electrons?

Oxygen’s fondness for electrons can be attributed to its electronegativity, which is the second highest on the periodic table. But it is 2 electrons short. So, oxygen is always trying to steal electrons from whatever atom is less willing to keep its electrons so that it can complete its outer valence shell.

Does oxygen gain or lose electrons?

Gain and Loss of Electrons In this reaction the lead atoms gain an electron (reduction) while the oxygen loses electrons (oxidation). Magnesium loses electrons and is therefore said to be “oxidized”, whereas the chlorines gain electrons and are said to be reduced.

Do ionic bonds share electrons equally?

An ionic bond essentially donates an electron to the other atom participating in the bond, while electrons in a covalent bond are shared equally between the atoms. The only pure covalent bonds occur between identical atoms. Ionic bonds form between a metal and a nonmetal. Covalent bonds form between two nonmetals

Which is more electronegative hydrogen or nitrogen?

The values underneath the elements give their electronegativity as measured by the Pauling scale….Electronegativity Chart.

Element Electronegativity, as measured by the Pauling scale
Hydrogen 2.20
Carbon 2.55
Nitrogen 3.04
Oxygen 3.44