Will my dog still have seizures on phenobarbital?
While the majority of dogs respond very well to Phenobarbital and/or potassium bromide, there are a few dogs that will continue to have a high seizure frequency despite having adequate serum levels of these medications, and are called “refractory”. For these dogs newer anticonvulsants may help.
What are the long term effects of phenobarbital?
Phenobarbital and phenytoin have good antiepileptic effect, but clinically significant untoward effects occur during their long-term use. Phenobarbital may cause hyperactivity, behavioral problems, sedation, and even dementia; these effects are dose related to some extent.
How long does phenobarbital stay in your system?
Phenobarbital is metabolized by the liver and excreted in the urine. It can be detected in the urine for up to 15 days after a dose. If you take a urine drug screen while on phenobarbital, it will likely test positive for barbiturates.
What type of seizure is phenobarbital used for?
Phenobarbital is useful in controlling simple and complex partial seizures and generalized tonic-clonic seizures in children. It has traditionally been considered the first choice to treat neonatal seizures (seizures in newborn infants).
Is phenobarbital safe for babies?
Phenobarbital is used to treat infants (ages 0-1 year) with any type of seizure disorder, and other children with generalized, partial or febrile seizures. It is also used for treatment of status epilepticus (seizures lasting greater than 15 minutes).
How much phenobarbital should I take for anxiety?
For sedation maintenance, to relieve anxiety, tension, and apprehension. 30 to 120 mg/day PO given in 2 to 3 divided doses. The manufacturer recommends a reduced dose in debilitated patients.
Can you still have seizures when on medication?
Unfortunately, at least 1 in 3 patients complain they are still having seizures while on medication. In these cases, the patient is considered to have drug-resistant seizures or drug-resistant epilepsy, also known as refractory epilepsy. The cause of epilepsy and seizures is often unknown.
What does a tonic clonic seizure look like?
A tonic-clonic seizure usually begins on both sides of the brain, but can start in one side and spread to the whole brain. A person loses consciousness, muscles stiffen, and jerking movements are seen. These types of seizures usually last 1 to 3 minutes and take longer for a person to recover.
How do you heal a bitten tongue after a seizure?
Eat foods that are soft and easy to swallow. Take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) to reduce pain and swelling. Apply a cold compress to the injured area for five minutes a few times a day. You can also suck on a piece of ice or fruit-flavored ice pop.
What is a breakthrough seizure?
Introduction. A breakthrough seizure is defined as the first seizure after a minimum of 12 months seizure freedom while on treatment.
What are common seizure triggers?
Here are some of the seizure triggers that have been reported by people with epilepsy:
- Not taking epilepsy medicine as prescribed.
- Feeling tired and not sleeping well.
- Alcohol and recreational drugs.
- Flashing or flickering lights.
- Monthly periods.
- Missing meals.
- Having an illness which causes a high temperature.
Are there warning signs of a seizure?
Some warning signs of possible seizures may include: Odd feelings, often indescribable. Unusual smells, tastes, or feelings. Unusual experiences – “out-of-body” sensations; feeling detached; body looks or feels different; situations or people look unexpectedly familiar or strange.
What does it feel like right before a seizure?
Some patients may have a feeling of having lived a certain experience in the past, known as “déjà vu.” Other warning signs preceding seizures include daydreaming, jerking movements of an arm, leg, or body, feeling fuzzy or confused, having periods of forgetfulness, feeling tingling or numbness in a part of the body.