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2021-06-17

Which statements describe oceanic crust?

Which statements describe oceanic crust?

The oceanic crust is usually about 5-10 km thick and is comprised of rocks that are basaltic in nature. These rocks are primarily made of minerals such as iron (Mg) and magnesium (Mg) and a comparatively lesser amount of silicate materials.

How oceanic crust is formed?

Oceanic crust is constantly formed at mid-ocean ridges, where tectonic plates are tearing apart from each other. As magma that wells up from these rifts in Earth’s surface cools, it becomes young oceanic crust. The age and density of oceanic crust increases with distance from mid-ocean ridges.

What is the definition of oceanic crust?

Definition. Oceanic crust is the outermost solid layer of the lithospheric tectonic plates under the oceans that covers much of the Earth’s surface.

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What is the same about oceanic crust and continental crust?

It is the solid rock layer upon which we live. It is either continental or oceanic. Continental crust is typically 30-50 km thick, whilst oceanic crust is only 5-10 km thick. Oceanic crust is denser, can be subducted and is constantly being destroyed and replaced at plate boundaries.

What are three differences between oceanic and continental crust?

The oceanic crust is mainly made out of dark basalt rocks that are rich in minerals and substances like silicon and magnesium. By contrast, the continental crust is made up of light-colored granite rocks full of substances like oxygen and silicon. The continental crust is older than the oceanic crust.

Which is thicker oceanic or continental crust?

Continental crust is typically 40 km (25 miles) thick, while oceanic crust is much thinner, averaging about 6 km (4 miles) in thickness. The less-dense continental crust has greater buoyancy, causing it to float much higher in the mantle.

What is an example of continental crust?

The continental crust is the layer of granitic, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks which form the continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves. About 40% of the Earth’s surface is now underlain by continental crust.

Which type of crust is thicker?

continental crust

What is the basis of classification of crust?

Earth’s crust is the outermost layer. It can be classified into Continental crust and oceanic crust, on the basis of chemical composition. The continental crust is made up of silica and aluminium. Oceanic crust is made up of silica and magnesium.

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What are 5 facts about the crust?

Interesting Facts about the Earths Crust The crust is deepest in mountainous areas. It can be up to 70km thick here. The continental and oceanic crusts are bonded to the mantle, which we spoke about earlier, and this forms a layer called the lithosphere. This layer is cool and rock solid.

What is the purpose of the crust?

What the Crust Means. The crust is a thin but important zone where dry, hot rock from the deep Earth reacts with the water and oxygen of the surface, making new kinds of minerals and rocks. It’s also where plate-tectonic activity mixes and scrambles these new rocks and injects them with chemically active fluids.

What are 2 facts about the crust?

The crust is the thinnest layer of the Earth. It has an average thickness of about 18 miles (30km) below land, and around 6 miles (10km) below the oceans. The crust is the layer that makes up the Earth’s surface and it lies on top of a harder layer, called the mantle.

How is Earth’s core different from the crust?

Unlike the mineral-rich crust and mantle, the core is made almost entirely of metal—specifically, iron and nickel. The shorthand used for the core’s iron-nickel alloys is simply the elements’ chemical symbols—NiFe. Elements that dissolve in iron, called siderophiles, are also found in the core.

What are two differences between the crust and the inner core?

It is about three times thicker under the continents than it is under the oceans, and the oceanic crust is made up of different materials and denser rock. The crust makes up less than 1% of Earth’s volume. The Earth’s core is at the true center of our planet. The Earth’s crust and core are separated by the mantle.

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Can you dig a hole to China?

Take a closer look at a globe: China is actually not antipodal to the United States. That would be impossible, since they’re both in the Northern Hemisphere. If you dug a hole from anywhere in the lower 48 states straight through the center of the Earth, you’d actually come out… in the middle of the Indian Ocean.

Can you drill to center of Earth?

It’s the thinnest of three main layers, yet humans have never drilled all the way through it. Then, the mantle makes up a whopping 84% of the planet’s volume. At the inner core, you’d have to drill through solid iron. This would be especially difficult because there’s near-zero gravity at the core.

How deep have we drilled into the earth?

40,230ft

What is the deepest place on Earth?

Challenger Deep

How deep have we gone in the ocean?

It’s been a record-breaking expedition in more ways than one. Vescovo’s trip to the Challenger Deep, at the southern end of the Pacific Ocean’s Mariana Trench, back in May, was said to be the deepest manned sea dive ever recorded, at 10,927 meters (35,853 feet).

Which statements describe oceanic crust?

The oceanic crust is usually about 5-10 km thick and is comprised of rocks that are basaltic in nature. These rocks are primarily made of minerals such as iron (Mg) and magnesium (Mg) and a comparatively lesser amount of silicate materials.

What is the oceanic crust made of?

Oceanic crust is generally composed of dark-colored rocks called basalt and gabbro. It is thinner and denser than continental crust, which is made of light-colored rocks called andesite and granite. The low density of continental crust causes it to “float” high atop the viscous mantle, forming dry land.

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What is the definition of oceanic crust?

Definition. Oceanic crust is the outermost solid layer of the lithospheric tectonic plates under the oceans that covers much of the Earth’s surface.

Which statements describe continental crust?

Explanation: Continental crust is a thick plate that comprises of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous types of rocks. They are less denser compared to the oceanic crust and usually have a thickness of about 35-40 km, and increases upto 75-80 km at the mountain ranges.

How thick is the continental crust?

around 35 km

How old is the continental crust?

4.4 Billion Years

How hot is the continental crust?

Near the Moho, the temperature of the crust ranges from 200° Celsius (392° Fahrenheit) to 400° Celsius (752° Fahrenheit). Billions of years ago, the planetary blob that would become the Earth started out as a hot, viscous ball of rock

What is the oldest land on earth?

In 1999, the oldest known rock on Earth was dated to 4.031 ±0.003 billion years, and is part of the Acasta Gneiss of the Slave craton in northwestern Canada.

What is the thinnest layer of the earth?

Inner core

What is Earth’s thickest layer called?

core

Where is crust the thinnest?

The crust is made up of the continents and the ocean floor. The crust is thickest under high mountains and thinnest beneath the ocean.

Which is the coldest layer in the atmosphere?

mesosphere

What are the 7 layers of the Earth’s atmosphere?

The 7 Layers in Order

  • Exosphere.
  • Ionosphere.
  • Thermosphere.
  • Mesosphere.
  • Ozone Layer.
  • Stratosphere.
  • Troposphere.
  • Earth’s Surface.
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What are 5 facts about the troposphere?

Fact Sheet

  • The troposphere contains 75% of the atmosphere’s total mass.
  • In either space or time the troposphere is not constant.
  • Weather occurs in the troposphere.
  • The troposphere is 10 miles from the equator.
  • The troposphere is 5-7 miles above the poles.
  • Does not contain ozone.

What are some fun facts about the atmosphere?

Fun Facts About the Atmosphere for Kids

  • There are five layers within the atmosphere.
  • The troposphere lies closest to the Earth and is about 11 miles thick.
  • The stratosphere lies above the troposphere and goes up about 30 miles high.
  • The mesosphere is the next layer, reaching 50 miles from the Earth.

What would happen if there was no atmosphere?

Eventually (long after surface life had died), solar radiation would break atmospheric water into oxygen, which would react with carbon on the Earth to form carbon dioxide. The air would still be too thin to breathe. The lack of atmosphere would chill the Earth’s surface. Plants and land animals would die.

What are 5 things the atmosphere does for us?

Terms in this set (5)

  • protects us from the sun.
  • protects from metors.
  • gives us oxygen and protein.
  • allows us to stay alive.

How does Earth’s atmosphere allow life to exist?

Earth’s atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth and retained by the Earth’s gravity. This mixture of gases is commonly known as air. The atmosphere protects life on Earth by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation and reducing temperature extremes between day and night.

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How can we take care of our atmosphere?

Ten Simple Things You Can Do to Help Protect the Earth

  1. Reduce, reuse, and recycle. Cut down on what you throw away.
  2. Volunteer. Volunteer for cleanups in your community.
  3. Educate.
  4. Conserve water.
  5. Choose sustainable.
  6. Shop wisely.
  7. Use long-lasting light bulbs.
  8. Plant a tree.

What does the atmosphere do for humans?

Many living things, including humans, need oxygen to breathe. The gases in the atmosphere also protect us from harmful solar rays, but not completely, which is why we often wear sunscreen. The gases trap heat, which the earth naturally produces. Without an atmosphere, the surface of the earth would be very, very cold

Can we survive without atmosphere?

So, Earth’s atmosphere is life — and without it, life as we know it wouldn’t exist. “Earth needed the right atmosphere [for life] to get started,” Frey said. “It has created that atmosphere, and it has created circumstances to live in that atmosphere. The atmosphere is a totally integral part of the biological system.”2019年2月23日

What type of atmosphere do humans need to survive?

Oxygen. Atmospheric air is only about 20 percent oxygen, but that oxygen is a key component of the chemical reactions that keep the body alive, including the reactions that produce ATP. Brain cells are especially sensitive to lack of oxygen because of their requirement for a high-and-steady production of ATP.

What are the 3 requirements for life?

Life as we know it requires biogenic elements, a source of energy, liquid water, and a suitable, reasonably stable environment for evolution to take place.