Which nitrogen base is replaced by uracil in RNA?
Three of the four nitrogenous bases that make up RNA — adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G) — are also found in DNA. In RNA, however, a base called uracil (U) replaces thymine (T) as the complementary nucleotide to adenine (Figure 3).
Does RNA have uracil as a nitrogen base?
RNA contains the 5-carbon sugar ribose, whereas in DNA, the sugar is deoxyribose. Though both RNA and DNA contain the nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine and cytosine, RNA contains the nitrogenous base uracil instead of thymine.
What nitrogen base is RNA missing?
Uracil is the nitrogenous base present only in RNA, but not in DNA. Thymine is in DNA.
What is the process of going from RNA to protein called?
Translation is the second part of the central dogma of molecular biology: RNA → Protein. It is the process in which the genetic code in mRNA is read to make a protein. Translation is illustrated in the diagram below. After mRNA leaves the nucleus, it moves to a ribosome, which consists of rRNA and proteins
How does DNA get turned into a protein?
In the first step, the information in DNA is transferred to a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule by way of a process called transcription. The pre-mRNA is processed to form a mature mRNA molecule that can be translated to build the protein molecule (polypeptide) encoded by the original gene.
What does DNA to RNA to protein mean?
The central dogma of life can be defined in a fairly simple way: DNA makes RNA, which in turn makes proteins: In transcription, your genetic code is transcribed, or written, into RNA. In translation, this RNA is then translated into proteins.
What would happen if a mistake was made when creating your mRNA how would that affect the final protein?
If a mistake occurred during a given situation in protein synthesis, for example, if the RNA polymerase doesn’t copy the DNA into a complementary strand into mRNA during transcription, then the mRNA wouldn’t exist and since the DNA is unable to leave the nucleus of the cell, the genetic code wouldn’t reach the …