Which method of absorption requires energy?
During active transport, substances move against the concentration gradient, from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration. This process is “active” because it requires the use of energy (usually in the form of ATP). It is the opposite of passive transport.
What is the name of the process that requires energy for digested nutrients to be absorbed through the small intestinal wall into the bloodstream or lymphatic system?
Chemical digestion breaks large food molecules down into their chemical building blocks, which can then be absorbed through the intestinal wall and into the general circulation. Intestinal brush border enzymes and pancreatic enzymes are responsible for the majority of chemical digestion.
Which type of nutrient uptake requires energy?
Co-transport uses the movement of one molecule through the membrane from higher to lower concentration to power the movement of another from lower to higher. Finally, endocytosis is a transportation process in which the cell membrane engulfs material. It requires energy, generally in the form of ATP.
What nutrients are absorbed via passive diffusion?
Vitamin B12 and bile salts are absorbed in the terminal ileum. Water and lipids are absorbed by passive diffusion throughout the small intestine. Sodium bicarbonate is absorbed by active transport and glucose and amino acid co-transport. Fructose is absorbed by facilitated diffusion.
Which of the following is absorbed by the mechanism of active transport?
So the correct answer is ‘Glucose and amino acids’.
What materials are transported across the cell membrane?
Facilitated transport is a type of passive transport. Unlike simple diffusion where materials pass through a membrane without the help of proteins, in facilitated transport, also called facilitated diffusion, materials diffuse across the plasma membrane with the help of membrane proteins.