Which is transported by phloem?

Which is transported by phloem?

Phloem consists of living cells arranged end to end. Phloem transports sucrose and amino acids up and down the plant. This is called translocation . In general, this happens between where these substances are made (the sources) and where they are used or stored (the sinks).

Which is transported by phloem Brainly?

Phloem is responsible for transporting food produced from photosynthesis from leaves to non-photosynthesizing parts of a plant such as roots and stems.

How is sucrose transported in the phloem?

In plants, sucrose is transported from synthesising (source) organs to sink organs where it is stored (as sucrose or, e.g., as starch) or metabolised. In plants, sucrose is transported over long distance in solution in the phloem sap. This flow of sap occurs in a specialised network of cells, called the sieve elements.

Where does xylem transport water?

The xylem transports the water from the roots to the leaves. The water from the soil particles are absorbed by the xylem tissues and transported to the leaves. The plants use water to perform the process of photosynthesis that is carried out by the leaves containing chlorophyll, necessary for this process.

Where is the xylem found?

Together with phloem (tissue that conducts sugars from the leaves to the rest of the plant), xylem is found in all vascular plants, including the seedless club mosses, ferns, horsetails, as well as all angiosperms (flowering plants) and gymnosperms (plants with seeds unenclosed in an ovary).

Why is a xylem a tissue?

The xylem is a tissue which transports water and minerals from the roots up the plant stem and into the leaves. Xylem consists of dead cells. The cells that make up the xylem are adapted to their function: They lose their end walls so the xylem forms a continuous, hollow tube.

Does xylem have cytoplasm?

Mature xylem consists of elongated dead cells, arranged end to end to form continuous vessels (tubes). Mature xylem vessels: contain no cytoplasm.

What is Mesarch xylem?

Mesarch xylem: the condition in which protoxylem in a primary xylem strand develops first in the centre of the strand and continues to develop both centrifugally and centripetally, e.g. in shoots of ferns.

What are the main components of xylem?

The structural elements of xylem are tracheids, vessels or tracheae, xylem fibres, xylem parenchyma and rays. The tracheid is derived from a single cell and can be regarded as the basic cell type of xylem tissue.

What are the main components of xylem and phloem?

Differences Between Xylem and Phloem

Xylem Phloem
It consists of tracheids, vessel elements, xylem parenchyma, xylem sclerenchyma and xylem fibres. It consists of four elements: companion cells, sieve tubes, bast fibres, phloem fibres, intermediary cells and the phloem parenchyma.

What are the 4 components of xylem tissue?

Xylem is located in the roots, stems and leaves of the plant. It is composed of four elements – tracheids, xylem vessels, xylem fibres and xylem parenchyma.

What are the features of phloem and xylem?

Comparison of transport in the xylem and phloem

Xylem Phloem
Type of transport Physical process Requires energy
Substances transported Water and minerals Products of photosynthesis including sugars and amino acids dissolved in water
Direction of transport Upwards Upwards and downwards

Where are xylem and phloem found?

In stems and roots, the xylem typically lies closer to the interior of the stem with phloem towards the exterior of the stem. In the stems of some Asterales dicots, there may be phloem located inwardly from the xylem as well. Between the xylem and phloem is a meristem called the vascular cambium.

How do you remember xylem and phloem?


  1. xy goes up high, phlo goes down low.
  2. Phloem.
  3. To remember Xylem and Phloem, we remember that xylem carries water, and that “X” and “W” are next to each other in the alphabet, and that Phloem carries Food (sounds phonetically the same)
  4. You xyl’em on up,

Is the xylem or phloem bigger?

Compared with xylem, phloem conduits were smaller and occupied a slightly larger fraction of conducting tissue area. Ten times more xylem than phloem was annually produced along the stem.