Which instructions would the nurse include when educating a patient with diabetes about how do you prevent fasting hyperglycemia known as Dawn Phenomenon?
To prevent fasting hyperglycemia known as the “dawn phenomenon,” the patient would be instructed to administer Humulin 70/30 at 10 p.m. instead of with the evening meal. Dawn phenomenon results from a nighttime release of adrenal hormones that cause blood glucose elevations in the early morning.
What action is important for a patient with diabetes to take on sick days quizlet?
What action is important for a patient with diabetes to take on sick days? Check urine for ketones. The nurse is providing teaching to a patient at risk for the development of type 2 diabetes.
Which statement made by the patient with diabetes mellitus indicates that further education regarding exercise is required?
“You need to have a written durable power of attorney for health care.” Which statement by the patient with diabetes mellitus indicates that further education regarding exercise is required? “It is especially important that I exercise if my blood sugar is above 250 mg/dL and my urine is positive for ketones.”
What action is important for a patient with diabetes to take on sick days?
Follow these additional steps when you’re sick even if your blood sugar is within your target range: Continue taking your insulin and diabetes pills as usual. Test your blood sugar every 4 hours and keep track of the results. Drink extra calorie-free liquids*, and try to eat as you normally would.
Why do diabetics have low immune systems?
This low and chronic inflammation damages the pancreatic beta cells and leads to insufficient insulin production, which results in hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia in diabetes is thought to cause dysfunction of the immune response, which fails to control the spread of invading pathogens in diabetic subjects.
Why do diabetics get sick easily?
People with diabetes are more susceptible to developing infections, as high blood sugar levels can weaken the patient’s immune system defenses. 1 In addition, some diabetes-related health issues, such as nerve damage and reduced blood flow to the extremities, increase the body’s vulnerability to infection.
How long can a person live with Type 2 diabetes?
A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years. A 75-year-old male with the disease might expect to live for another 4.3–9.6 years, compared with the general expectancy of another 10 years.
Do diabetics get cold easily?
Diabetes can cause anemia, kidney and circulation problems, which can lead people to feel cold.
Do diabetics get sick a lot?
When you have diabetes, sick days often mean more than a runny nose and sneezing. An illness like a cold, the flu, or any condition that makes you throw up or gives you diarrhea can also boost your blood sugar. So can an infection. That means you have to stay on top of your blood sugar levels.
Is Pedialyte good for diabetics?
Q. Is Pedialyte OK for someone with diabetes? Pedialyte is used to help restore vital minerals and nutrients lost during diarrhea and vomiting. While it does contain carbohydrates, it may or may not contain enough carbohydrates for someone with diabetes, especially if insulin is being used.
Is coughing a sign of diabetes?
Conclusions: People with type 2 diabetes more frequently reported grade 2 dyspnoea and chronic cough/phlegm than the general population of the same age, although presenting similar smoking habits. Diabetes appears to anticipate the lung ageing process, recorded in the general population.
What’s a good cough medicine for diabetics?
Specially formulated for people with diabetes, this liquid works to relieve dry coughs and chest congestion. It includes an ingredient to loosen mucus and phlegm buildup.
Can too much sugar make you cough?
But sugar consumption is a sure-shot way of making your cough worse. As per a study published in Frontiers in Immunology in 2017, increased sugar intake can suppress the immune system, especially when fighting viral infections. This applies to the common cold too, so make sure you stay away from those desserts.
Can diabetes cause lung problems?
If you have diabetes, you are more likely to have lung conditions such as COPD and pulmonary fibrosis. Diabetes also has an impact on lung function, or how well you breathe. Some studies show that lung function gets worse as blood glucose levels increase.
How does the respiratory system compensate for diabetic acidosis?
Respiratory compensation for this acidotic condition results in Kussmaul respirations, ie, rapid, shallow breathing (sigh breathing) that, as the acidosis grows more severe, becomes slower, deeper, and labored (air hunger).
Can high sugar levels cause shortness of breath?
High blood sugar and low insulin can lead to a rise in ketones, and possibly diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a serious complication that needs urgent medical attention. If this occurs, the individual may experience: shortness of breath.4 дні тому
Can Type 2 diabetes affect your lungs?
A recent study published in Diabetes Care found that adults with either Type I or Type II diabetes are 8% more likely to have asthma, 22% more like to have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 54% more likely to have pulmonary fibrosis, and nearly twice as likely to be hospitalized for pneumonia.
Can metformin cause lung problems?
This nationwide cohort study demonstrated that in patients with T2DM and COPD, metformin use was associated with higher risks of pneumonia, hospitalization for COPD, and IMV. If patients with COPD use metformin, vigilance with regard to their pulmonary condition may be required.
Can diabetes be cured?
Even though there’s no diabetes cure, diabetes can be treated and controlled, and some people may go into remission. To manage diabetes effectively, you need to do the following: Manage your blood sugar levels.
At what sugar level is diabetic coma?
A diabetic coma could happen when your blood sugar gets too high — 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or more — causing you to become very dehydrated. It usually affects people with type 2 diabetes that isn’t well-controlled. It’s common among those who are elderly, chronically ill, and disabled.
What is the lowest blood sugar level before coma?
Anytime your blood sugar drops below 50 mg/dL, you should act whether you have symptoms or not. If your blood sugar level drops very low (usually below 20 mg/dL), you may lose consciousness or have a seizure.
What are the signs of going into a diabetic coma?
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Shortness of breath.
- Stomach pain.
- Fruity breath odor.
- A very dry mouth.
How low can your sugar go before you go into a coma?
If you have a low blood sugar (less than 70 mg/dL) that has not come up after three treatments, call your healthcare provider or 911. If you see a person with diabetes who appears confused, they may be having a low blood sugar episode. Left untreated, the low blood sugar could lead to a diabetic coma.
How much can A1c drop in 3 months?
Because A1c is simply a measure of your average blood sugar over 2-3 months, it can (in theory) decrease by any amount over that time period.
What are the last stages of diabetes?
What are the signs of end-of-life due to diabetes?
- using the bathroom frequently.
- increased drowsiness.
- increased thirst.
- increased hunger.
- weight loss.