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2021-05-14

Which characteristics best distinguishes runoff and infiltration?

Which characteristics best distinguishes runoff and infiltration?

Runoff occurs during floods and infiltration occurs during drought. Runoff describes water movement and infiltration describes water storage.

Which characteristic best distinguishes runoff and infiltration quizlet?

Which characteristic best distinguishes runoff and infiltration? Runoff occurs over land and infiltration occurs underground.

Which sequence of processes transport water from the atmosphere to the ocean and then back into a cloud?

The answer is Letter B. evaporation > condensation > sublimation When water evaporates, its latent heat of evaporation absorbs heat.

What is the difference between evaporation and condensation?

Condensation is the change from a vapor to a condensed state (solid or liquid). Evaporation is the change of a liquid to a gas.

What is the difference between infiltration and runoff?

Infiltration occurs when surface water enters the soil. At this point, the soil becomes saturated, but the excess water has to go somewhere. When this happens, we get overflow in the form of runoff, which is when surface water flows over land.

What is the relationship between infiltration and runoff?

Infiltration is the movement of water from the soil surface into the soil. As long as water the rate of water addition to the soil is slower than the rate of infiltration, water will move into the soil, and there will be no runoff.

Where does infiltration water go?

Infiltration and percolation Water infiltrates the soil by moving through the surface. Percolation is the movement of water through the soil itself. Finally, as the water percolates into the deeper layers of the soil, it reaches ground water, which is water below the surface.

How do humans affect infiltration?

Agriculture has been the cause of significant modification of landscapes throughout the world. Tillage of land changes the infiltration and runoff characteristics of the land surface, which affects recharge to ground water, delivery of water and sediment to surface-water bodies, and evapotranspiration.

What are the signs of infiltration?

What are signs of an infiltration/extravasation?

  • Redness around the site.
  • Swelling, puffy or hard skin around the site.
  • Blanching (lighter skin around the IV site)
  • Pain or tenderness around the site.
  • IV not working.
  • Cool skin temperature around the IV site or of the scalp, hand, arm, leg or foot near the site.

How do you control infiltration?

Typically, infiltration is minimized to reduce dust, to increase thermal comfort, and to decrease energy consumption. For all buildings, infiltration can be reduced via sealing cracks in a building’s envelope, and for new construction or major renovations, by installing continuous air retarders.

What is the importance of infiltration?

Why it is important: Infiltration is an indicator of the soil’s ability to allow water movement into and through the soil profile. Soil temporarily stores water, making it available for root uptake, plant growth and habitat for soil organisms.

What increases water infiltration?

Best management practices to improve soil infiltration include: reduced tillage, avoid soil compaction, crop rotation, and keeping the soil covered with residue and cover crops. A soil with good infiltration can utilize and store plant available water and reduce water runoff which causes flooding.

How do you reduce runoff?

Start with doing one of the actions on the following top 10 list:

  1. Maintain your car or truck.
  2. Wash your car at a commercial car wash rather than in the street or in your driveway.
  3. Drive less.
  4. Cut down on fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides.
  5. Remove part or all of your lawn.

What is the relationship between surface runoff and flooding?

In addition to causing water erosion and pollution, surface runoff in urban areas is a primary cause of urban flooding, which can result in property damage, damp and mold in basements, and street flooding.

What is the process of runoff?

Runoff occurs when there is more water than land can absorb. The excess liquid flows across the surface of the land and into nearby creeks, streams, or ponds. Runoff can come from both natural processes and human activity. Runoff also occurs naturally as soil is eroded and carried to various bodies of water.

Which condition would create the most runoff?

Light, gentle precipitation is more likely than heavy rain to end up as runoff.

How can we control runoff water?

Consider these affordable, do-able solutions to do just that.

  1. Add plants. Incorporate plantings, especially in areas where runoff collects.
  2. Protect trees. Like other plant roots, tree roots help absorb and filter runoff.
  3. Break up slabs.
  4. Go permeable.
  5. Catch runoff.
  6. Dig a trench.
  7. Plant a rain garden.
  8. Cover soil.

What is subsurface runoff?

Subsurface runoff is the water that infiltrates in the vadose zone (unsaturated zone), from rain, snowmelt, or other sources, and moves laterally towards the streams. Vadose zone extends from the top of the ground surface to the water table. It is one of the major components in the water cycle.

What is direct runoff?

Water that flows over the ground surface directly into streams, rivers, or lakes. Also called storm runoff.

How do you find direct runoff?

Direct Runoff Formula. Simple, straightforward methods of calculating runoff can tell you the amount of water that storms bring to the earth. For a given surface area such as a roof or yard, multiply the area by the inches of rainfall and divide by 231 to obtain the runoff in gallons.

What is runoff and its types?

3 Runoff can be defined as the portion of the precipitation that makes it’s way towards rivers or oceans etc, as surface or subsurface flow. Surface runoff can be generated either by rainfall, snowfall or by the melting of snow, or glaciers. Types of Runoff: Surface runoff/ Sub-surface runoff or Base flow.

What is a direct runoff hydrograph?

Direct runoff hydrograph resulting from a unit depth of excess rainfall occurring uniformly on a watershed at a constant rate for a specified duration. Unit pulse response function of a linear hydrologic system. Can be used to derive runoff from any excess rainfall on the watershed.

What are the components of runoff?

COMPONENTS OF RUNOFF:

  • Direct rainfall over the stream:-
  • Surface runoff or overland flow: –
  • Subsurface flow or interflow:–
  • Base flow, groundwater flow or Dry weather flow:-