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2021-05-14

Which cellular organelle is responsible for translation?

Which cellular organelle is responsible for translation?

Ribosomes

What do you call the process occurs in cytoplasm?

Cytokinesis is the physical process of cell division, which divides the cytoplasm of a parental cell into two daughter cells. It occurs concurrently with two types of nuclear division called mitosis and meiosis, which occur in animal cells.

What is the name given to the nucleus and cytoplasm of a cell combined?

What is the name given to the nucleus and cytoplasm of a cell combined? Protoplasm is an aggregate of molecules of various chemicals, most of these being organic molecules like proteins, fats, carbohydrates, etc. From Quiz: Animal Cell Structure.

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What is the relationship between Golgi and lysosomes?

The enzyme proteins are first created in the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Those proteins are packaged in a vesicle and sent to the Golgi apparatus. The Golgi then does its final work to create the digestive enzymes and pinches off a small, very specific vesicle. That vesicle is a lysosome.

What cells do lysosomes work with?

Lysosomes (lysosome: from the Greek: lysis; loosen and soma; body) are found in nearly all animal and plant cells. In plant cells vacuoles can carry out lysosomal functions. Lysosomes appear initially as spherical bodies about 50-70nm in diameter and are bounded by a single membrane.

What do Golgi bodies and lysosomes have in common?

What do lysosomes and Golgi bodies have in common? They’re the twin “command centers” of the cell. They break down food and release energy. They’re examples of cell organelles.

What cell part makes proteins?

How does the cell make proteins?

Structures found in the cytoplasm, called ribosomes, perform the process of translation. Reading the mRNA’s nucleotides three at a time, these structures assemble strands of amino acids, the molecules that make up proteins. Each nucleic acid triplet corresponds to a particular amino acid.

What part of DNA makes protein?

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) carry the genetic code required to make protein within cells. When a cell makes a protein the instructions are copied from part of the DNA strand and transcribed to new molecule, called RNA. RNA molecules carry the instruction from the nucleus to ribosomes.

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Does DNA control the production of protein?

The information to make proteins is stored in an organism’s DNA. Each protein is coded for by a specific section of DNA called a gene. A gene is the section of DNA required to produce one protein.

Why is DNA important for protein synthesis?

DNA makes RNA makes Protein. As you have learned, DNA is the genetic material of your cells and holds the information for making all the different proteins of your body. Translation converts the information in a series of three letter words in the mRNA into a sequence of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins.

How does DNA do protein synthesis?

The Art of Protein Synthesis During transcription, DNA is used as a template to make a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). The molecule of mRNA then leaves the nucleus and goes to a ribosome in the cytoplasm, where translation occurs. During translation, the genetic code in mRNA is read and used to make a protein.

How does DNA direct protein synthesis?

The mRNA interacts with a specialized complex called a ribosome, which “reads” the sequence of mRNA bases. Each sequence of three bases, called a codon, usually codes for one particular amino acid. (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins.)