What sequence of processes transports water from the ocean into a cloud?
Evaporation and precipitation. Correct Answer: A — Evaporation and condensation. atmosphere, where it is cooled at higher elevations. The cooling of the saturated air causes water vapour to condense into tiny water droplets and form a cloud.
Which sequence of processes transports water from the atmosphere?
Answer Expert Verified. The answer is Letter B. evaporation > condensation > sublimation When water evaporates, its latent heat of evaporation absorbs heat. When water vapor condenses and forms a liquid, its latent heat of condensation releases heat to the environment; this is what powers hurricanes.
What best describes the association between the carbon cycle plants and animals quizlet?
What best describes the association between the carbon cycle, plants, and animals? Plants fix carbon and release oxygen, and animals release carbon and use oxygen. are fermenting organisms (which do not use oxygen to breathe) referred to as chemoorganohetereotrophs.
Which of the following processes is involved in the movement of water up a straw?
As transpiration occurs, it deepens the meniscus of water in the leaf, creating negative pressure (also called tension or suction). The tension created by transpiration “pulls” water in the plant xylem, drawing the water upward in much the same way that you draw water upward when you suck on a straw.
What important role does the Casparian strip play in the movement of water through plants?
What important role does the Casparian strip play in the movement of water through plants? Forces water to move through the cytoplasm of living endodermal cells as it makes its way from the soil to the xylem. The plant can compete for water effectively and live in relatively dry soils.
Where does water go after xylem?
Water moves from the xylem vessels into the mesophyll cells where it can be used for photosynthesis. Some of the water evaporates into the surrounding air spaces inside the leaf and then diffuses out through the stomata into the surrounding air.
What is the meaning of spongy mesophyll?
spongy mesophyll In a leaf, mesophyll tissue comprising cells of irregular shape, some of them lobed, separated by large spaces in which the atmosphere is humid. Spongy mesophyll is the site of gaseous exchange for photosynthesis and respiration. See also PALISADE MESOPHYLL.
What is the main function of the palisade mesophyll?
The palisade mesophyll layer of the leaf is adapted to absorb light efficiently. The cells: are packed with many chloroplasts.
What is one thing that Palisade mesophyll and spongy mesophyll cells have in common?
Like palisade cells, spongy mesophyll cells also contain such organelles as a nucleus, a vacuole, a cell membrane as well as chloroplasts among a few others.
Why is the palisade layer at the top of the leaf?
The palisade layer contains the most chloroplasts as it is near the top of the leaf. The chloroplasts contain the pigment chlorophyll. The palisade cells are arranged upright. This means the light has to pass through the cell lengthways and so increases the chance of light hitting a chloroplast and being absorbed.
Why is Palisade Mesophyll tightly packed?
Light absorption happens in the palisade mesophyll tissue of the leaf. Palisade cells are column shaped and packed with many chloroplasts . They are arranged closely together so that a lot of light energy can be absorbed.
Why should stomata be open during the day but not at night?
Stomata are mouth-like cellular complexes at the epidermis that regulate gas transfer between plants and atmosphere. In leaves, they typically open during the day to favor CO2 diffusion when light is available for photosynthesis, and close at night to limit transpiration and save water.