What process in the cell converts the chemical energy stored in food into chemical energy stored in the form of ATP?

What process in the cell converts the chemical energy stored in food into chemical energy stored in the form of ATP?

cellular respiration

What is the chemical that all cells use for energy?

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

What part of the cell converts food into chemical energy?


Is Dextrose the same as powdered sugar?

Powdered sugar is not the same as dextrose. It’s cane sugar that’s finely ground.

What is the best sugar for brewing beer?

white cane sugar

Why is dextrose used in sausage?

Dextrose is a monosaccharide or simple sugar, about 70% as sweet as the regular sugar you keep in the pantry. It serves as a nutrient for the lactic acid organisms that help in fermentation, giving your sausages and other processed meats a tangy flavor.

Is dextrose bad for your health?

Dextrose use can lead to dangerously high blood sugar or fluid buildup in the body, which may cause swelling and fluid in the lungs. People with the following conditions should avoid dextrose: high blood sugar. swelling in arms, legs, or feet.

Is corn syrup the same as dextrose?

Corn syrup is the most familiar form of glucose. It consists of roughly half fructose and half dextrose. Dextrose (chemically identical to glucose) is available in crystalline form and has certain advantages over sucrose: It is easily fermentable.

What is powder Dextrose?

Powdered dextrose, also known as icing dextrose, is a fine powder made from dextrose anhydrous, dextrose monohydrate or both. In most cases, manufacturers of powdered dextrose also add an anti-caking agent to the powder such as starch, silicates of calcium or magnesium.

When should I take dextrose?

If a person’s blood sugar is less than 70 mg/dL and they are having low blood sugar symptoms, they may need to take the dextrose tablets. Examples of low blood sugar symptoms include weakness, confusion, sweating, and too-fast heart rate.

Is dextrose healthier than sugar?

Dextrose is one-third the sweetness of table sugar but without the bad fructose; and, for those with gluten issues I’ll note that most dextrose is also gluten free.

Why do we give dextrose in DKA?

Why is IV dextrose given to patients with DKA? When the serum glucose reaches 200 mg/dL in a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), IV dextrose is added to avoid the development of cerebral edema. In addition, the rate of insulin infusion may need to be slowed down to between 0.02 and 0.05 units/kg/hr.

How is hypovolemia corrected?

Hypovolemia shock with hypotension should be treated by rapid restoration of intravascular volume using isotonic crystalloid solutions such as 0.9% saline. In the first two hours 1-2 L of fluid may be required to correct hypovolemia.

What is the difference between HHS and DKA?

DKA is characterized by ketoacidosis and hyperglycemia, while HHS usually has more severe hyperglycemia but no ketoacidosis (table 1). Each represents an extreme in the spectrum of hyperglycemia. The precipitating factors, clinical features, evaluation, and diagnosis of DKA and HHS in adults will be reviewed here.

Why is potassium given in DKA?

After insulin treatment is initiated, potassium shifts intracellularly and serum levels decline. Replacement of potassium in intravenous fluids is the standard of care in treatment of DKA to prevent the potential consequences of hypokalemia including cardiac arrhythmias and respiratory failure.

When should potassium be given in DKA?

Key DKA management points Potassium level should be >3.3 mEq/L before the initiation of insulin therapy (supplement potassium intravenously if needed).

How does hyperglycemia affect potassium?

As mentioned, hyperglycemia increases serum osmolality resulting in movement of water out of cells. The loss of intracellular water leads to an increased intracellular K+ concentration, favoring a gradient for K+ to move out of the cells.

Is potassium low or high in DKA?

Patients in DKA are low in total body potassium and their serum concentration is falsely elevated due to extracellular shift. On average, patients will have a potassium deficit of 3-5 mEq/kg.