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2021-05-15

What percentage of a radioactive element will be left after?

What percentage of a radioactive element will be left after?

gram sample of a radioactive element, how many grams of that element will be left after 4.30 half-lives have passed?…Radioactive Decay Rates.

Number of Half-Lives Percentage of Reactant Remaining
1 100%2=50% 12(100%)=50%
2 50%2=25% 12(12)(100%)=25%
3 25%2=12.5% 12(12)(12)(100%)=12.5%
n 100%2n (12)n(100%)=(12)n%

Why is radioactive decay measured in half-lives?

The half-life of a radioactive substance is a characteristic constant. It measures the time it takes for a given amount of the substance to become reduced by half as a consequence of decay, and therefore, the emission of radiation. During beta decay, carbon 14 becomes nitrogen 14.

How is the rate of decay of a radioactive element is measured?

The rate of decay is often referred to as the activity of the isotope and is often measured in Curies (Ci), one curie = 3.700 x 1010 atoms that decay/second. By knowing the amount of radioisotope and the activity of the sample, the rate constant can be determined.

What does it mean when an element is radioactive?

Radioactive elements are made up of atoms whose nuclei are unstable and give off atomic radiation as part of a process of attaining stability. The emission of radiation transforms radioactive atoms into another chemical element, which may be stable or may be radioactive such that it undergoes further decay.

What is most radioactive element?

Because it is a naturally-occurring element that releases a huge amount of energy, many sources cite polonium as the most radioactive element. Polonium is so radioactive it glows blue, which is caused by excitation of the gas particles by radiation

Are radioactive isotopes with a short or long half life more harmful?

Isotopes with a long half-life decay very slowly, and so produce fewer radioactive decays per second; their intensity is less. Istopes with shorter half-lives are more intense. In nuclear waste, isotopes with very short half-lives, say a few days or even a few weeks, are not the major concern.

What is the most dangerous isotope?

strontium-90

How long do radioactive isotopes stay in the body?

The half-lives of radioisotopes used in medicine range from a few minutes to a few days. For example, rubidium-82, which is used for myocardial perfusion imaging has a half- life of 1.26 minutes, while iodine-131, used in thyroid treatment and diagnosis, has a half- life of eight days

Can radioisotopes cause cancer?

At high doses, ionizing radiation can cause immediate damage to a person’s body, including radiation sickness and death. Ionizing radiation is also a carcinogen, even at low doses; it causes cancer primarily because it damages DNA

Can radioisotopes cure cancer?

Radioisotope therapy can treat a wide variety of cancers, including bone metastases, brain cancer, thyroid cancer, bile duct cancer, liver cancer, and neuroblastoma. Radioisotope therapy can also be useful as an adjuvant, or assisting, therapy when combined with other forms of cancer therapy.

What radioisotopes are used to treat cancer?

Yttrium-90 is used for treatment of cancer, particularly non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and liver cancer, and it is being used more widely, including for arthritis treatment. Lu-177 and Y-90 are becoming the main RNT agents. Iodine-131, samarium-153, and phosphorus-32 are also used for therapy.

Is cobalt used to treat cancer?

Cobalt therapy is the medical use of gamma rays from the radioisotope cobalt-60 to treat conditions such as cancer….

Cobalt therapy
Other names Cobalt-60 therapy
Specialty oncology

Why is Cobalt 60 so dangerous?

The US Environmental Protection Agency describes cobalt-60 as the “most common radioactive isotope” of the element cobalt, which occurs naturally in various minerals. This isotope is particularly nasty and potentially deadly because of the cancer-causing gamma rays it emits — gamma 1.33 and 1.17 to be precise

What is Cobalt 59 used for?

Cobalt occurs naturally as only one stable isotope, cobalt-59. Cobalt-60 is a commercially important radioisotope, used as a radioactive tracer and for the production of high-energy gamma rays. Cobalt is the active center of a group of coenzymes called cobalamins….Cobalt.

Hydrogen Rubidium
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirconium
Niobium

Why is cobalt so expensive?

Current battery technologies require cobalt as part of the cathode. Given the growing popularity of electric vehicles, demand for cobalt continues to increase. Near-term trends suggest demand will outstrip supply, thus increased prices.

Is all cobalt radioactive?

The cobalt isotope found in nature (i.e. 59Co) is non-radioactive, and is an element found in rocks, soil, water, plants, animals and humans.

What are the main uses of cobalt?

Uses and properties It is magnetic. Cobalt, like iron, can be magnetised and so is used to make magnets. It is alloyed with aluminium and nickel to make particularly powerful magnets. Other alloys of cobalt are used in jet turbines and gas turbine generators, where high-temperature strength is important.

Why is cobalt bad for you?

It is found in rocks, soil, water, plants, and animals, including people. It can harm the eyes, skin, heart, and lungs. Exposure to cobalt may cause cancer. Workers may be harmed from exposure to cobalt and cobalt-containing products.

What are 5 uses of cobalt?

What Are the Uses of Cobalt?

  • Alloys in Industry. Alloys, or mixtures of metals, make up half the cobalt used each year.
  • Electroplating.
  • Alternative Energy.
  • Orthopedic Implants.
  • Radiation Therapy and Sterilization.
  • Nutrition.
  • Art Material.

What are 3 uses of cobalt?

Uses of Cobalt Cobalt is used in alloys for aircraft engine parts and in alloys with corrosion/wear resistant uses. Cobalt is widely used in batteries and in electroplating. Cobalt salts are used to impart blue and green colors in glass and ceramics. Radioactive 60Co is used in the treatment of cancer.

Does the human body use cobalt?

Cobalt is used in the body to help absorb and process vitamin B12. In addition, cobalt helps treat illnesses such as anemia and certain infectious diseases. Cobalt also aids in repair of myelin, which surrounds and protects nerve cells. It helps in the formation of hemoglobin (red blood cells).

Is cobalt used in cell phones?

Cobalt is used to build rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, an integral part of the mobile technology that has become commonplace in recent years

Who is the largest producer of cobalt?

Democratic Republic of Congo