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2021-05-14

What organelles are present in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

What organelles are present in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

  • Prokaryotes and eukaryotes are the two different types of cells.
  • Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria while prokaryotic cells do not but the ribosome is the only organelle that can be seen in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

Which cell organelles are present in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and are responsible for the synthesis of proteins?

Typically, the nucleus is the most prominent organelle in a cell. Eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus, which means the cell’s DNA is surrounded by a membrane. Therefore, the nucleus houses the cell’s DNA and directs the synthesis of proteins and ribosomes, the cellular organelles responsible for protein synthesis.

Do both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have membrane-bound organelles?

Eukaryotic cells contain many membrane-enclosed, large, complex organelles in the cytoplasm whereas prokaryotic cells do not contain these membrane-bound organelles. Only eukaryotes possess a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound organelles such as the mitochondria, golgi apparatus, lysosomes, peroxisomes and ER.

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What are two differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

The primary distinction between these two types of organisms is that eukaryotic cells have a membrane-bound nucleus and prokaryotic cells do not. Prokaryotes, on the other hand, have no membrane-bound organelles. Another important difference is the DNA structure.

What is Plasmolysis explain with diagram?

Plasmolysis is the process in which cells lose water in a hypertonic solution. The reverse process, deplasmolysis or cytolysis, can occur if the cell is in a hypotonic solution resulting in a lower external osmotic pressure and a net flow of water into the cell.

What is a Cytolysis?

: the usually pathologic dissolution or disintegration of cells.

What is concave Plasmolysis?

Concave plasmolysis is a process that can usually be reversed. During concave plasmolysis, the protoplasm and the plasma membrane shrink away from the cell wall in places due to the loss of water; the protoplasm is then called protoplast once it has started to detach from the cell wall.

What are two similarities Plasmolysis?

Answer: Plasmolysis is the process in which cells lose water in a hypertonic solution. The reverse process, deplasmolysis or cytolysis, can occur if the cell is in a hypotonic solution resulting in a lower external osmotic pressure and a net flow of water into the cell.

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What does flaccidity mean?

1. Lacking firmness; hanging limply: flaccid muscles. 2. Lacking force, vigor, or effectiveness: a flaccid acting performance. [Latin flaccidus, from flaccus, flabby.]