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2021-05-15

What molecule brings amino acids to the ribosome during translation?

What molecule brings amino acids to the ribosome during translation?

tRNAs

How is amino acid transported by tRNA?

tRNAs bring their amino acids to the mRNA in a specific order. This order is determined by the attraction between a codon, a sequence of three nucleotides on the mRNA, and a complementary nucleotide triplet on the tRNA, called an anticodon. At the beginning of translation, the ribosome and a tRNA attach to the mRNA.

What RNA transfers amino acids to the ribosome?

Transfer RNA (tRNA), small molecule in cells that carries amino acids to organelles called ribosomes, where they are linked into proteins. In addition to tRNA there are two other major types of RNA: messenger RNA (mRNA) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA).

Are exons non coding?

Exons are coding sections of an RNA transcript, or the DNA encoding it, that are translated into protein. Exons can be separated by intervening sections of DNA that do not code for proteins, known as introns. Splicing produces a mature messenger RNA molecule that is then translated into a protein.

Does all RNA code for protein?

Many sections of DNA code for components of RNA machinery used for transcription and translation. These components aren’t always proteins. In fact, many are made solely of pieces of RNA like tRNA and mRNA. There are also several types of RNA, most of which do not code for protein

What removes introns from mRNA?

spliceosome

What happens if introns are not removed from mRNA?

Not only do the introns not carry information to build a protein, they actually have to be removed in order for the mRNA to encode a protein with the right sequence. If the spliceosome fails to remove an intron, an mRNA with extra “junk” in it will be made, and a wrong protein will get produced during translation.

What are the 3 nitrogen bases of tRNA?

The anticodon are three consecutive nitrogen bases that are exposed. They are for the recognition of complementary nitrogen bases on the mRNA. As the three consecutive nitrogen bases on mRNA is called a codon, so, these three exposed nitrogen bases on tRNA is called the anticodon.

What is a bunch of amino acids that are put together called?

A peptide bond is a chemical bond that joins amino acids together where the carboxyl group of one amino acid bonds with the amino group of another. This forms a dipeptide, which is simply a compound consisting of two amino acids