What is unique about carbon and its compounds?
Carbon is very special because it can form so many compounds. The explanation lies deep inside the atom. Carbon atoms can form strong links with four other atoms. This dramatically increases the number of patterns that carbon atoms can make.
What is difference between organic compound and inorganic compounds?
Organic compounds and inorganic compounds form the basis of chemistry. The primary difference between organic vs. inorganic compounds is that organic compounds always contain carbon while most inorganic compounds do not contain carbon. Also, nearly all organic compounds contain carbon-hydrogen or C-H bonds.
What are examples of carbon compounds?
Examples include carbon oxides (CO and CO2), carbonates (e.g., CaCO3), oxalates (e.g., BaC2O4), carbon sulfides (e.g., carbon disulfide, CS2), carbon-nitrogen compounds (e.g., hydrogen cyanide, HCN), carbon halides, and carboranes.
Is carbon monoxide a compound?
Carbon monoxide is a one-carbon compound in which the carbon is joined only to a single oxygen. It is a colourless, odourless, tasteless, toxic gas.
Is glucose a six carbon molecule?
Glucose (C6H12O6) is a hexose — a monosaccharide containing six carbon atoms. Glucose is an aldehyde (contains a -CHO group). Five of the carbons plus an oxygen atom form a loop called a “pyranose ring”, the most stable form for six-carbon aldoses.
What is a 5 carbon chain called?
Alkanes with five or more carbon atoms are named by adding the suffix -ane to the appropriate numerical multiplier, except the terminal -a is removed from the basic numerical term. Hence, C5H12 is called pentane, C6H14 is called hexane, C7H16 is called heptane and so forth
How many carbon compounds are there?
nine million organic compounds
What are long chain carbon compounds called?
Long-chain carbon compounds are called Polymers. Polythene is a polymeric molecule that contains a long chain of carbon atoms with two hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon atom
Is oxygen a compound or element?
Oxygen is a chemical element – a substance that contains only one type of atom. Its official chemical symbol is O, and its atomic number is 8, which means that an oxygen atom has eight protons in its nucleus. Oxygen is a gas at room temperature and has no colour, smell or taste. Oxygen is found naturally as a molecule
Is rust an element or compound?
Rust is the common name for a very common compound, iron oxide. Iron oxide, the chemical Fe2O3, is common because iron combines very readily with oxygen — so readily, in fact, that pure iron is only rarely found in nature.
Why is the name oxygen wrong?
So most historians agree that Scheele and Priestly should share credit for discovering oxygen. Lavoisier chose the name because he thought that all acids contain oxygen. Therefore, the new element was responsible for “forming acids.” In this one respect, however, Lavoisier was wrong.