What is the unique properties of carbon?
(a) The most unique property of carbon atom is its ability to combine itself, atom to atom to form long chains. This property of self combination is useful to us because it gives rise to an extremely large number of carbon compounds (or organic compounds). (b) A diamond crystal is a giant molecule of carbon atoms.
What are physical properties of carbon?
Physical Properties: Carbon is a soft, dull gray or black non-metal that you can scratch with a fingernail. Th density of carbon as graphite is 2.267 g/mL, which means it will sink in water.
What are the two versatile nature of carbon?
Carbon is a versatile element and is found in many different chemical compounds, including those found in space. Carbon is versatile because it can form single, double, and triple bonds. It can also form chains, branched chains, and rings when connected to other carbon atoms.
What is Catenation and Tetravalency?
Catenation: It is the ability to form bonds with other atoms of carbon. Tetravalency: With the valency of four, carbon is capable of bonding with four other atoms.
What is Tetravalency with example?
In chemistry,tetravalency is the state of atom with 4 valence electrons,available for covalent chemical bonding. e.g. CH4 methane. in methane ,tetravalent carbon .. make bond with 4 oxygen atoms.
What is Tetravalency give example?
Examples: Carbon is the most common element that exhibits catenation. As a result, a carbon atom forms four covalent bonds by sharing valence electrons with other atoms. This is known as tetravalency of carbon..
What is a Tetravalency?
Carbon has a valency of four, so it is capable of bonding with four other atoms of carbon or atoms of some other monovalent element. This is known as tetravalency of carbon.
What is a monovalent?
Monovalence or Monovalent may refer to: Monovalent ion, an atom, ion, or chemical group with a valence of one, which thus can form one covalent bond. Monovalent vaccine, a vaccine directed at only one pathogen. Monovalent antibody, an antibody with affinity for one epitope, antigen, or strain of microorganism.
What is called Catenation?
In chemistry, catenation is the bonding of atoms of the same element into a series, called a chain. The words to catenate and catenation reflect the Latin root catena, “chain”.
What is Catenation give example?
Catenation Definition: Catenation is the binding of an element to itself through covalent bonds to form chain or ring molecules. Examples: Carbon is the most common element that exhibits catenation. It can form long hydrocarbon chains and rings like benzene.
What is Catenation power?
Solution : Carbon has a unique ability to form strong covalent bonds with other carbon atoms, this result in formation of big molecules . This property of carbon is called catenation power.