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2021-05-15

What is the structure and function of fungi?

What is the structure and function of fungi?

Fungi are made up of masses of tubular filaments called hyphae that penetrate into and absorb nutrients from the substrates on which fungi grow. Some fungi have extensive networks of hyphae that enable the fruiting body of the fungi to grow very large, such as many species of shelf, or bracket, fungi.

What is the body structure of fungi?

Fungi have a cell wall. The fungal body consists of thread-like structures called hyphae, which can bunch up into a mycelium. Fungi often make specialized reproductive structures, such as a mushroom.

What is the most important function of fungi?

Together with bacteria, fungi are responsible for breaking down organic matter and releasing carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus into the soil and the atmosphere. Fungi are essential to many household and industrial processes, notably the making of bread, wine, beer, and certain cheeses.

Which paired fungal structures are structurally and functionally most alike?

Biology 2 Exam 3 study

Question Answer
Which of these paired fungal structures are structurally and functionally most alike? A) conidia and basidiocarps B) sporangia and hyphae C) soredia and gills D) haustoria and arbuscules E) zoospores and mycelia D) haustoria and arbuscules

What is the structure of most fungi?

Structure of fungi. The main body of most fungi is made up of fine, branching, usually colourless threads called hyphae. Each fungus will have vast numbers of these hyphae, all intertwining to make up a tangled web called the mycelium.

What is the body of fungus called?

The living body of the fungus is a mycelium made out of a web of tiny filaments called hyphae.

What is the function of spores in the life cycle of fungi?

In biology, a spore is a unit of sexual or asexual reproduction that may be adapted for dispersal and for survival, often for extended periods of time, in unfavourable conditions. Spores form part of the life cycles of many plants, algae, fungi and protozoa.

What are the cell walls of fungi made of?

chitin