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2021-05-14

What is the small dense region within most nuclei?

What is the small dense region within most nuclei?

Nucleolus

What is the dense region found within the nucleus?

The nucleolus

What occurs in the nucleolus?

The most prominent substructure within the nucleus is the nucleolus (see Figure 8.1), which is the site of rRNA transcription and processing, and of ribosome assembly. As discussed in the preceding chapter, cells require large numbers of ribosomes to meet their needs for protein synthesis.

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Which of the following is the term for the dense area of the nucleus where ribosome assembly begins?

What color are lysosomes?

purple

What color is Golgi?

Animal Cell Coloring

Cell Membrane (light brown) Nucleolus (black)
Cytoplasm (light yellow) Golgi Apparatus (pink)
Nucleoplasm (pink) Flagella (red/blue striped)
Nuclear Membrane (dk brown) Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (dark blue)
Microtubules (dark green) Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (light blue)

Who found lysosomes?

Christian de Duve

Where are lysosomes in the cell?

Lysosomes (lysosome: from the Greek: lysis; loosen and soma; body) are found in nearly all animal and plant cells. In plant cells vacuoles can carry out lysosomal functions. Lysosomes appear initially as spherical bodies about 50-70nm in diameter and are bounded by a single membrane.

Which cells have most lysosomes?

Lysosomes are found in all animal cells, but are most numerous in disease-fighting cells, such as white blood cells. This is because white blood cells must digest more material than most other types of cells in their quest to battle bacteria, viruses, and other foreign intruders.

What enzyme is found in lysosomes?

Lysosomes are membrane-bound vesicles that contain digestive enzymes, such as glycosidases, proteases and sulfatases. Lysosomal enzymes are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), are transported to the Golgi apparatus, and are tagged for lysosomes by the addition of mannose-6-phosphate label.

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How do lysosomes kill bacteria?

A lysosome is a membrane-bound cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes. They break down excess or worn-out cell parts. They may be used to destroy invading viruses and bacteria. If the cell is damaged beyond repair, lysosomes can help it to self-destruct in a process called programmed cell death, or apoptosis.

What do lysosomes look like?

A lysosome (/ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm/) is a membrane-bound organelle found in many animal cells. They are spherical vesicles that contain hydrolytic enzymes that can break down many kinds of biomolecules.

How do lysosomes form?

Lysosomes form by budding off from the membrane of the trans-Golgi network. Macromolecules (i.e., food particles) are absorbed into the cell in vesicles formed by endocytosis. The vesicles fuse with lysosomes, which then break down the macromolecules using hydrolytic enzymes.

What would happen if lysosomes are absent in the cell?

Lysosomes aka ‘suicide bags of the cell’ are membrane bound organelles containing hydrolytic enzymes. In their absence the following might result: Cells which continue to live past their lifespan will accumulate enough mutations to become cancerous.

Which enzyme is absent in lysosomes?

==> absence of lysosome will will cause the cells to starve,since most of the nutrients in the cells are digested by lysosome enzyme. ==> Can cause a high risk of disease,since lysosome digest its own cell if it is infected with some microbial activity.

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What is the pH of a lysosome *?

All of the lysosomal enzymes are acid hydrolases, which are active at the acidic pH (about 5) that is maintained within lysosomes but not at the neutral pH (about 7.2) characteristic of the rest of the cytoplasm (Figure 9.35).

Which organelle is called the powerhouse of the cell?

Mitochondria

What do Golgi bodies do?

The Golgi apparatus transports and modifies proteins in eukaryotic cells. How have scientists studied dynamic protein movements through the Golgi? The Golgi apparatus is the central organelle mediating protein and lipid transport within the eukaryotic cell.

Why are lysosomes acidic?

enzymes found in the lysosome require an acidic environment to function properly and are called acid hydrolases. Although it may seem dangerous for cells to contain enzymes that can digest most biological molecules, the contents of the cell are doubly protected from the digestive enzymes of the lysosome.

Do lysosomes contain DNA?

No, lysosomes lack DNA. Lysosomes are referred to as suicide bags of the cells, they have proteins breaking down the waste.

Which cell has the most mitochondria?

heart muscle cells