What is the role of RNA to provide the original blueprint for protein production to move information from the ribosomes to the nucleus for protein synthesis to break down proteins into amino acid monomers to move information from the nucleus to the ribosomes for protein synthesis Brainly?
Answer Expert Verified Because RNA helps in protein production. It encodes the data present on DNA and carry out the process of protein synthesis.
What is the role of RNA to provide?
The central dogma of molecular biology suggests that the primary role of RNA is to convert the information stored in DNA into proteins. Transfer RNA (tRNA) then carries the appropriate amino acids into the ribosome for inclusion in the new protein.
Why is RNA like a set of blueprints?
The blueprints represent messenger RNA because they carry instructions for the building from the office (the “nucleus”) to the outside (“cytoplasm”). The “ribosome” is the job site where the building is being constructed. In the cell, proteins are “built” on the ribosome.
What are the three types of RNAs?
Of the many types of RNA, the three most well-known and most commonly studied are messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), and ribosomal RNA (rRNA), which are present in all organisms. These and other types of RNAs primarily carry out biochemical reactions, similar to enzymes.
Who performs the same kind of job as transfer RNA?
The “ribosome” is the job site where the building is being constructed. In the cell, proteins are “built” on the ribosome. The people at the job site are like transfer RNA because they carry the building materials, such as bricks and blocks (“amino acids”) and match their placement to the instructions in the blueprint.
Is DNA or RNA the master plan?
Similarly, the cell uses DNA “master plan” to prepare RNA “blueprints.” The DNA molecule stays safely in the cell’s nucleus, while RNA molecules go to the protein-building sites in the cytoplasm—the ribosomes. The three main types of RNA are messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA.
Does DNA or RNA remain in the nucleus?
Eukaryotic DNA never leaves the nucleus; instead, it’s transcribed (copied) into RNA molecules, which may then travel out of the nucleus. In the cytosol, some RNAs associate with structures called ribosomes, where they direct synthesis of proteins.
How are DNA and RNA similar to master plans and blueprints?
The DNAs are un-wind and complementary strands of the RNAs are synthesized on the template on the DNA strands. The uracil is new pyramidine in RNA, which is absent in DNA. The DNA works as master plan and RNA as the blue print, because finally directly or in-directly helps in the the process of protein synthesis.
What does adenine A pairs with?
In DNA, the code letters are A, T, G, and C, which stand for the chemicals adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine, respectively. In base pairing, adenine always pairs with thymine, and guanine always pairs with cytosine.
What is charging of tRNA in translation?
Amino acid activation (also known as aminoacylation or tRNA charging) refers to the attachment of an amino acid to its Transfer RNA (tRNA). Aminoacyl transferase binds Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to amino acid, PP is released. Aminoacyl TRNA synthetase binds AMP-amino acid to tRNA. The AMP is used in this step.