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2021-05-14

What is the polymer of a carbohydrate?

What is the polymer of a carbohydrate?

Polysaccharides

What are the monomers of carbohydrates?

Monosaccharides are the monomers of carbohydrates and are often referred to as “the simple sugars”.

What are the 3 monomers of carbohydrates?

Monosaccharides are the monomers that make up carbohydrates. Glucose is an example of a monosaccharide. Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers that make up lipids. Nucleotides are the monomers that make up nucleic acids.

What is the monomer of a carbohydrate quizlet?

Monosaccharides are made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (CHO). They are the monomers for carbohydrates . Monosaccharides are classified by the number of carbon atoms and the position of their carbonyl group.

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What is the most common monomer of carbohydrates?

glucose

What elements and monomers make up carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Examples of carbohydrates are glucose, starch and cellulous. The monomer of a carbohydrate is a monosaccharide (a simple sugar). In monosaccharaides the elements hydrogen, carbon and oxygen make a circle or ring shape.

What are the subunits called that make up carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are used by the body for energy and structural support in cell walls of plants and exoskeletons of insects and crustaceans. They are made of smaller subunits called monosaccharides. Monosaccharides have carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio.

What are 2 ways your body uses carbohydrates?

What Are the Key Functions of Carbohydrates?

  • Carbs Provide Your Body With Energy. Share on Pinterest.
  • They Also Provide Stored Energy.
  • Carbohydrates Help Preserve Muscle.
  • They Promote Digestive Health.
  • They Influence Heart Health and Diabetes.
  • Are Carbohydrates Necessary for These Functions?

What are the building blocks of carbohydrates?

Types of biological macromolecules

Biological macromolecule Building blocks
Carbohydrates Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
Lipids Fatty acids and glycerol
Proteins Amino acids
Nucleic acids Nucleotides

What are the five building blocks of cells?

Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, ATP, and nucleic acids.

What is the smallest building block of carbohydrates?

Monosaccharides

What are basic building blocks of proteins?

What Are Proteins Made Of? The building blocks of proteins are amino acids, which are small organic molecules that consist of an alpha (central) carbon atom linked to an amino group, a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and a variable component called a side chain (see below).

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What is the building block and function of carbohydrates?

Monosaccharides. They are the building blocks of all other carbohydrate molecules. They are monomers: smaller molecules that bond together to form long chains called polymers.

What are the three building blocks of nucleic acids?

The structure of nucleic acids (i.e., DNA) can be likened to a ladder that is made up of alternating steps that are symbolizing its three significant parts: pentose sugar, the phosphate group, and the nitrogenous base.

What are the 3 main functions of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids are the main information-carrying molecules of the cell, and, by directing the process of protein synthesis, they determine the inherited characteristics of every living thing.

Is present in DNA?

The purines adenine (A) and guanine (G) and the pyrimidine cytosine (C) are present in both DNA and RNA. The pyrimidine thymine (T) present in DNA is replaced by the pyrimidine uracil (U) in RNA. The bases in nucleic acids can interact via hydrogen bonds.

What are the monomers called that make up DNA?

The monomers of DNA are called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: a base, a sugar (deoxyribose) and a phosphate residue. The four bases are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T).

What 3 things make up a DNA monomer?

DNA is a polymer. The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a “polynucleotide.” Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group.

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Why is DNA called a polymer?

DNA is a polymer because it is a bio-molecule that is made up of monomers. The monomers DNA is made up of are called nucleotides.

What are the three parts that make the monomer of DNA?

Just like in DNA, RNA is made of monomers called nucleotides. Each nucleotide is made up of three components: a nitrogenous base, a pentose (five-carbon) sugar called ribose, and a phosphate group. Each nitrogenous base in a nucleotide is attached to a sugar molecule, which is attached to one or more phosphate groups.

How do the pieces of one DNA monomer go together?

The nucleotide monomers in a DNA polymer are connected by strong electromagnetic attractions called phosphodiester bonds. Phosphodiester bonds are part of a larger class of electromagnetic attractions between atoms that chemists refer to as covalent bonds.

How are monomers arranged in DNA?

Monomer Arrangement DNA monomers, or nucleotides, link up with their phosphates and sugars facing out and their nitrogen-containing base facing in, where they can bond with other nitrogen-containing bases to form the ladder.

Is amino acid a monomer?

Amino acids are the monomers that make up proteins. The name “amino acid” is derived from the fact that they contain both amino group and carboxyl-acid-group in their basic structure. As mentioned, there are 20 amino acids present in proteins.