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2021-05-14

What is the human genome made up of?

What is the human genome made up of?

The human genome is made up of approximately three billion base pairs of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). The bases of DNA are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C). Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The human genome, like the genomes of all other living animals, is a collection of long polymers of DNA.

What are the types of transposons?

Since McClintock’s discovery, three basic types of transposons have been identified. These include class II transposons, miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements (MITEs, or class III transposons), and retrotransposons (class I transposons).

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What is the difference between transposons and retrotransposons?

DNA transposons move using a cut-and-paste mechanism [6]. In contrast, retrotransposons move in a copy-and-paste fashion by duplicating the element into a new genomic location via an RNA intermediate [7].

What is the difference between an autonomous and a nonautonomous transposable element?

Autonomous and Nonautonomous Transposons Autonomous TEs can move on their own, while nonautonomous elements require the presence of other TEs in order to move.

Why do transposons jump?

Some transposons in bacteria carry — in addition to the gene for transposase — genes for one or more (usually more) proteins imparting resistance to antibiotics. When such a transposon is incorporated in a plasmid, it can leave the host cell and move to another.

Are transposons junk DNA?

Transposable elements (TEs), also known as “jumping genes” or transposons, are sequences of DNA that move (or jump) from one location in the genome to another. Maize geneticist Barbara McClintock discovered TEs in the 1940s, and for decades thereafter, most scientists dismissed transposons as useless or “junk” DNA.

Why is junk DNA called junk?

They called the non-coding bits “junk DNA,” because they thought it was trash! Some of the junk DNA is very repetitive, repeating the same letter sequence again and again–we call this repeat DNA.

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Does junk DNA have a purpose?

Noncoding DNA does not provide instructions for making proteins. Scientists once thought noncoding DNA was “junk,” with no known purpose. However, it is becoming clear that at least some of it is integral to the function of cells, particularly the control of gene activity.

What percentage of human DNA is viral?

8 percent

Do bananas have more DNA than humans?

We do in fact share about 50% of our genes with plants – including bananas.” “Bananas have 44.1% of genetic makeup in common with humans.” “Humans share 50% of our DNA with a banana.”

What animal has the most complex DNA?

water flea Daphnia

What is the most complex cell?

Sci 7 – Cell specialization

A B
cell the smallest, least complex structure in an organism
the order from simplest to most complex cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
the order from most complex to least complex organism, organ system, organ, tissue, cell
cell specialization each cell is designed for a specific function

Do humans have 80000 genes?

Each DNA molecule contains many genes; the human genome is estimated to contain approximately 80,000-100,000 genes.

What plant has the most genes?

Paris japonica

What fruit has the most genes?

apples

Which is largest human gene?

DMD

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Where does an animal get its genes mother or father?

Each animal receives one copy of each allele from his mother and one copy from his father.