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2021-05-14

What is the energy of the high-energy electrons used for as they move down the chain?

What is the energy of the high-energy electrons used for as they move down the chain?

Every time a pair of high-energy electrons moves down the elec- tron transport chain, the energy is used to move H+ ions across the membrane. These ions then rush back across the membrane, producing enough force to spin the ATP synthase and generate enormous amounts of ATP.

Which is the site of the most ATP production?

Mitochondria

Which is the side of the most ATP production during cellular respiration?

During cellular respiration, a glucose molecule is gradually broken down into carbon dioxide and water. Along the way, some ATP is produced directly in the reactions that transform glucose. Much more ATP, however, is produced later in a process called oxidative phosphorylation.

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What is the best method of producing the most ATPS?

Which process generates the most ATP per glucose molecule metabolized? Glucose oxidised by Mitochondria creates 36 net ATP. Conversion of glucose by hexokinases leading to pyruvate and entering mitochondria to join TCA cycle is the most efficient way to utilise glucose.

What are the three ways to make ATP?

The three processes of ATP production include glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation. In eukaryotic cells the latter two processes occur within mitochondria.

How can our bodies generate more ATP?

The ATP your body produces and stores comes from the oxygen you breathe and the food you eat. Boost your ATP with fatty acids and protein from lean meats like chicken and turkey, fatty fish like salmon and tuna, and nuts.

What happens when ATP levels are high?

ATP, for instance, is a “stop” signal: high levels mean that the cell has enough ATP and does not need to make more through cellular respiration. This is a case of feedback inhibition, in which a product “feeds back” to shut down its pathway.

Can ATP have 4 negative charges?

The triphosphate group has three to four negative charges, and the mutual repulsion of these charges makes the ATP molecule less stable than expected.

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How much ATP is stored in the body?

It is estimated that there is only about 100g of ATP and about 120g of phosphocreatine stored in the body, mostly within the muscle cells. Together ATP and phosphocreatine are called ‘high-energy’ phosphates as large amounts of energy are released quickly during their breakdown.