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2021-05-14

What is the difference between the primary RNA transcript and a mRNA molecule?

What is the difference between the primary RNA transcript and a mRNA molecule?

The primary transcripts designated to be mRNAs are modified in preparation for translation. For example, a precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) is a type of primary transcript that becomes a messenger RNA (mRNA) after processing. Pre-mRNA is synthesized from a DNA template in the cell nucleus by transcription.

How is an mRNA transcript produced?

An mRNA transcript is made by an enzyme called RNA polymerase II. DNA polymerase uses a single strand of DNA as a template and synthesizes a strand of DNA. Each nucleotide in the synthesized DNA strand is complementary to the nucleotide in the template strand. RNA polymerase II also uses a strand of DNA as a template.

What are three differences between transcription and translation?

Translation. Transcription is the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template where the code in the DNA is converted into a complementary RNA code. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.

Why is it called transfer RNA?

transfer RNA / tRNA Transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) is a type of RNA molecule that helps decode a messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence into a protein. tRNAs function at specific sites in the ribosome during translation, which is a process that synthesizes a protein from an mRNA molecule.

Which is the purpose of transfer RNA quizlet?

What is the function of the transfer RNA? During the construction of a protein, the transfer RNA transfers each amino acid to the ribosome as it is specified by coded messages in mRNA.

What are the 4 bases of RNA?

RNA consists of four nitrogenous bases: adenine, cytosine, uracil, and guanine. Uracil is a pyrimidine that is structurally similar to the thymine, another pyrimidine that is found in DNA. Like thymine, uracil can base-pair with adenine (Figure 2).

What do RNA contain?

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a linear molecule composed of four types of smaller molecules called ribonucleotide bases: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and uracil (U).

Why is RNA the messenger?

The central dogma of biology, formulated in the 20th century after the discovery of DNA, postulates that genes provide instructions for the cell to build proteins, or functional molecules needed to perform the different jobs in the cell, and that RNA serves as an intermediate messenger to transmit the flow of genetic …

What’s the difference between RNA and DNA virus?

DNA viruses contain usually double‐stranded DNA (dsDNA) and rarely single‐stranded DNA (ssDNA). These viruses replicate using DNA‐dependent DNA polymerase. Compared to DNA virus genomes, which can encode up to hundreds of viral proteins, RNA viruses have smaller genomes that usually encode only a few proteins.

What viruses are RNA based?

1.1. RNA Viruses. Human diseases causing RNA viruses include Orthomyxoviruses, Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Ebola disease, SARS, influenza, polio measles and retrovirus including adult Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).