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2021-05-14

What is the difference between somatic cells and gametes quizlet?

What is the difference between somatic cells and gametes quizlet?

Gametes differ from somatic cells because gametes are located in the reproductive organs and are haploid. Somatic cells, on the other hand, make up the tissues and organs of the body and are diploid. Fertilization relates to diploid cells because fertilization fuses two haploid cells to make a diploid cell.

What is the difference between gametes and body cells?

What is the difference between body cells and gametes (sex cells)? Body cells make up the body of the organism, while gametes are sex cells that could be either a sperm or an egg cell.

What is the difference between a somatic cell and an egg cell?

The key difference between somatic cell and egg cell is that somatic cell is a diploid cell that has a total of 46 chromosomes while egg cell is a haploid cell that contains 23 chromosomes. Somatic cells are the biological cells that involve in the formation of the body of an organism.

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What is the difference between somatic and reproductive cells?

Somatic cells and Reproductive Cells are two types of cells which are implicated in asexual and sexual reproduction of organisms, correspondingly. Somatic cells can be found everywhere in the body whereas reproductive cells are limited to reproductive organs.

What is an example of a somatic cell?

Examples of somatic cells are cells of internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissues. In comparison, the somatic cells contain a full set of chromosomes whereas the reproductive cells contain only half.

Where do somatic cells come from?

Somatic cells are produced through the cell division process of mitosis. They contain two copies of each chromosome, one from an organism’s mother and one from their father. Cells with two copies of each chromosome are called diploid.

How many somatic cells are there?

220

What are the 4 reasons cells divide?

Terms in this set (4)

  • Food, Waste, and Gas Exchange. They need to maintain a workable ratio of surface area to volume to allow an efficient transfer of materials in and out of the cell.
  • Growth. In order for an organism to grow, they must divide so they can get larger.
  • Repair.
  • Reproduction.

How does mitosis occur in humans?

There are two ways cell division can happen in humans and most other animals, called mitosis and meiosis. When a cell divides by way of mitosis, it produces two clones of itself, each with the same number of chromosomes. When a cell divides by way of meiosis, it produces four cells, called gametes.