What is the dichotomous key in classification and how is it used?
A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. “Dichotomous” means “divided into two parts”.
How are dichotomous keys used to identify organisms?
A dichotomous key is a tool that helps to identify an unknown organism. The user has to make a choice of which of the two statements best describes the unknown organism, then based on that choice moves to the next set of statements, ultimately ending in the identity of the unknown.
How could dichotomous keys help evolutionary biologists?
Dichotomous keys help evolutionary biologist because dichotomous keys consist of series of statement which provide choices and act as scientific tool that helps to identify the unknown organisms of different family.
How do you identify a bacterial species?
Bacteria are identified routinely by morphological and biochemical tests, supplemented as needed by specialized tests such as serotyping and antibiotic inhibition patterns. Newer molecular techniques permit species to be identified by their genetic sequences, sometimes directly from the clinical specimen.
What is the shape of your bacteria?
The three basic bacterial shapes are coccus (spherical), bacillus (rod-shaped), and spiral (twisted), however pleomorphic bacteria can assume several shapes. Cocci (or coccus for a single cell) are round cells, sometimes slightly flattened when they are adjacent to one another.
How do we observe bacteria?
In order to see bacteria, you will need to view them under the magnification of a microscopes as bacteria are too small to be observed by the naked eye. Most bacteria are 0.2 um in diameter and 2-8 um in length with a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals.