Close

2021-05-14

What is the complementary strand of RNA that is produced during transcription?

What is the complementary strand of RNA that is produced during transcription?

Transcription uses one of the two exposed DNA strands as a template; this strand is called the template strand. The RNA product is complementary to the template strand and is almost identical to the other DNA strand, called the nontemplate (or coding) strand.

What molecule is formed during eukaryotic transcription?

RNA

What type of RNA is the complementary strand to DNA?

DNA and RNA base pair complementarity

Nucleic Acid Nucleobases Base complement
DNA adenine(A), thymine(T), guanine(G), cytosine(C) A=T, G≡C
RNA adenine(A), uracil(U), guanine(G), cytosine(C) A=U, G≡C

What type of RNA is made during transcription?

messenger RNA (mRNA);

How do you transcribe DNA to mRNA?

An enzyme called RNA polymerase reads the template DNA strand to produce an mRNA molecule.

How do you convert DNA to mRNA?

During transcription, the DNA of a gene serves as a template for complementary base-pairing, and an enzyme called RNA polymerase II catalyzes the formation of a pre-mRNA molecule, which is then processed to form mature mRNA (Figure 1).

What would happen if both strands of the DNA act as templates for transcription?

If there are transcriptional promoters on both strands of your template, then you will get RNA from both strands. So, both strands are not necessary for transcription and it is possible that if both strands are displaced enough, then both polymerases can work simultaneously.

What is the template strand of DNA?

A template strand is the term that refers to the strand used by DNA polymerase or RNA polymerase to attach complementary bases during DNA replication or RNA transcription, respectively; either molecule moves down the strand in the 3′ to 5′ direction, and at each subsequent base, it adds the complement of the current …

Why is it important which of the two DNA strands serves as a template during transcription?

Discuss why it is important which of the two DNA strands serves as a template during transcription. A DNA molecule replicates to produce two new DNA molecules. Both of the two new DNA molecules then replicate to form four more new DNA molecules.